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TLS Trends: A roundtable discussion on current usage and future directions

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This CSEC presentation from 2012 outlines the agency’s capabilities against SSL encryption at that point: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA rs TLS Trends: A roundtable discussion on current usage and future directions Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC) ...
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Roger Dingledine at NSA NOV 2007

Document

Release Date: 2013-10-04 Document Date: 2007-11-01
This NSA memo summarises a talk given by Roger Dingledine of the Tor Project on 1 November 2007: see the Secret NSA documents show campaign against Tor encrypted network, 4 October 2013.
TOP SECRET // COMINT // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Roger Dingledine at NSA NOV 2007 From PE Contents * 1 (U) Talk by Roger Dingledine at NSA, 11/01/2007 at R&E (Sponsored by NSA RT) o 1...
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VALIANTSURF

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
These three undated NSA slides provide an overview of the VALIANTSURF system: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY VALIANTSURF (VS): VALIANTSURF Capability Level Beneficiaries CES & LONGHAUL OTP & SSG TOPIs Link Access CES A Key Recovery, no on-site decrypti...
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GALLANTWAVE

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated presentation from NSA’s Digital Network Crypt Applications (DNCA) concerns the GALLANTWAVE tool, which decrypts VPN traffic within LONGHAUL: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL GALLANTWAVE@scale GALLANTWAVE @ volume Requirements @Scale Deploy more widely - Leverage peering with partner @Volume Increas...
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BULLRUN

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated presentation from GCHQ’s PTD (Penetrating Target Defences) unit gives an overview of BULLRUN efforts to defeat encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 BULLRUN PTD Lead for Special Operations and Policy PTD "We penetrate targets' defences." This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information A...
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BULLRUN CoI – Briefing Sheet

Document

Release Date: 2013-09-05
This undated GCHQ document provides a classification guide for BULLRUN – NSA and GCHQ’s attempts to weaken or defeat cryptographic protocols – and specifies some of its achievements: see the ProPublica article Revealed: The NSA’s Secret Campaign to Crack, Undermine Internet Security, 5 September 2013.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT BULLRUN Col - Briefing Sheet Introduction 1. The ability to exploit targets’ encrypted communications is extremely fragile and is often enabled through sensiti...
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WOLFRAMITE

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-04 Document Date: 2011-03-09
This extract from a GCHQ document dated 9 March 2011 describes WOLFRAMITE, an agency project to defeat the A5/3 GSM cipher: see the Intercept article Operation Auroragold: How the NSA Hacks Cellphone Networks Worldwide, 4 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Strategic Objective Goal/Aim Programme Outcomes Target Capability deliveries for 2011/12 Meet the Mobile Broadband challenge. • Scaling up the exploitation of handse...
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Profiling SSL and Attributing Private Networks

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation introduces the FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY tools: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL PROFILING SSL AND ATTRIBUTING PRIVATE NETWORKS An introduction to FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY ICTR - Network Exploitation GCHQ T R J...
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VPN SigDev Basics

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated NSA presentation describes how to perform attacks against VPNs: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL (TS//SI//REL)VPN SigDev Basics S31244 - OTTERCREEK Derived From: NSA/CSSM 1-52 Dated: 20070108 ______Declassify On: 20341101 TOP S...
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Analytic Challenges from Active-Passive Integration

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated NSA presentation from the agency’s Information Technology Directorate, aimed at analysts, describes techniques for decrypting IPSec VPN traffic: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
This Briefing is Classified TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Analytic Challenges from Active-Passive Integration S324 This Briefing is Classified TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA,FVEY DER...
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Tor: Overview of Existing Techniques

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2012-01-01
This undated GCHQ presentation indicates the agency’s Tor research efforts as of 2012: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Tor: Overview of Existing Techniques (15 minutes) TOP SECRET STRAP 1 C! X R «two THIS INCDRHftTION IS EXEMPT UNDER THE FREEDOM QC I hJTOR M ATIG R FTF n -SV “Q A ...
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A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network (presentation)

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation proposes a deanonymisation attack against Tor users based on the collection of data from exit nodes owned by the agency: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network OPC-MCR, GCHQ This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act 20...
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Tracking Targets Through Proxies and Anonymizers

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-28
This undated NSA presentation, written by the author of ‘I hunt sys admins’, outlines tactics for tracking users of Tor and other anonymising technologies: see the Intercept article The Hunter, 28 June 2016.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//RELTO USA, FVEY Tracking Targets Through Proxies & Anonymizers (and the air speed velocity of an unladen swallow) Also known as: I I I PaAatasvoaus TOP SECRET//COM...
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2013 Black Budget: Cryptanalysis & Exploitation services

Document

Release Date: 2015-03-10 Document Date: 2013-01-01
This extract from the US intelligence community’s 2013 Congressional Budget Justification shows expenditure on the Analysis of Target Systems project, which aims to defeat the encryption in commercial software and hardware: see the Intercept article iSpy: The CIA Campaign to Steal Apple’s Secrets, 10 March 2015.
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN (U) CRYPTANALYSIS & EXPLOITATION SERVICES (U) ANALYSIS OF TARGET SYSTEMS This Exhibit Is SECRET//NOFORN FY 20111 Actual FY 2012 Enacted FY 2013 Request...
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Making Things Measurable: Technology Trending Challenges and Approaches

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2012-06-06
This 40-page NSA presentation for the June 2012 SIGDEV conference includes a ranking of cryptographic protocols in order of ‘risk’ the they pose to the agency’s operations: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY//20340601 SIGDEV Conference 2012 (U) Making Things Measureable: Technology Trending Challenges and Approaches June 2012 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY/...
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EP-3E Collision: Cryptologic Damage Assessment and Incident Review

Document

Release Date: 2017-04-10 Document Date: 2001-07-01
A joint US Navy and NSA report, prepared three months after a US spy plane was forced to crash land in China, assesses the degree to which surveillance secrets were compromised: see the Intercept article Burn After Reading: Snowden Documents Reveal Scope of Secrets Exposed to China in 2001 Spy Plane Incident, 10 April 2017. […]
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN//X1 EP-3E Collision: Cryptologic Damage Assessment and Incident Review Final Report Prepared by the EP-3 Cryptologic Assessment Team July 2001 Classifie...
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Turmoil IPSec VPN Sessionization

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2008-08-15
This NSA presentation from 15 August 2008 includes descriptions of VPN packets: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 TURMOIL IPSEC VPN SESSIONIZ AT ION Issue No.l........... Issue Date 08/15/08.. Responsible Authority Author Tec...
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VS MALIBU IKE And ESP Metadata Flows

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
These four undated NSA slides show a workflow for defeating VPN encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL VS MALIBU IKE And ESP Metadata Flows /20291123 TUBE TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 TOP SECRET//COMIN...
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Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2010-09-13
This 13 September 2010 presentation from the NSA’s OTP VPN Exploitation Team explains the work of the division: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process OTP VPN Exploitation Team S31176 September 13, 2010 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, G...
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A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network (proposal)

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2011-06-13
This GCHQ paper dated 13 June 2011 proposes an attack to deanonymise Tor users: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT Reference: OPC-M/TECH.B/61 Date: 13 June 2011 Copy no: A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network OPC-MCR, GCHQ Summary A new techn...
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Intercept with OTR encrypted chat

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated PRISM intercept from the NSA suggests the agency was unable to decrypt the content of an OTR-encrypted chat session: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS//20320108 Target User Target User IP Address [MINIMIZED US IP ADDRESS] Start Mar 16, 2012 13:31:17 GMT Stop Mar 16, 2012 13:34:26 GMT Other User IP A...
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National Information Assurance Research Laboratory (NIARL) Newsletter – September 2008

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2008-09-01
This September 2008 newsletter from the National Information Assurance Research Laboratory (NIARL), an unit within the NSA’s Research Directorate gives an indication of the agency’s progress with cryptanalysis – which, with “only a handful of in-house techniques” – appears to be modest: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet […]
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 September 2008 Edition ■ (U) Message from the NIARL Director: (U//FOUO) Welcome to the September 2008 edition of the National ...
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Crypt Discovery Joint Collaboration Activity

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2011-01-20
This document dated 20 January 2011 provides the research agenda for a joint NSA/GCHQ group tasked with developing “a sound understanding of the threat that encryption brings to our ability to do target discovery/development as well as devising mitigations”: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December […]
TOP SECRET Crypt Discovery Joint Collaboration Activity 20 January 2011 Activity Owners [NSA GCHQ Overview Our Internet Exploitation capability is built upon our ability to eff...
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OPULENT PUP

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-04 Document Date: 2009-09-18
This extract from a September 2009 GCHQ document describes a project codenamed OPULENT PUP, intended to clear the way for exploitation of the A5/3 GSM cipher: see the Intercept article Operation Auroragold: How the NSA Hacks Cellphone Networks Worldwide, 4 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 TALKS Pnase 2 Test & TTO Plan SMO/00007CPO/4524/P02003/000/05 18 September 2009 3.6 A5/3 crypt attack proof-of-concept demonstrator 3.6.1 Scope To successfully pr...
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SSL/TLS Experiment Profile

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2010-01-01
This GCHQ Experiment Profile from 2010 proposes a joint NSA/GCHQ trial of SSL decryption on a massive scale: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Experiment Profile Experiment Name Cryptanalytic Services Experiment Reference Version Date Experiment Owner (GCHQ) Department NSA/S3/CES GCHQ/PTD Experiment Start...
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Classification guide for NSA/CSS quantum computing research

Document

Release Date: 2014-01-02 Document Date: 2011-09-21
This NSA classification guide dated 21 September 2011 describes the objectives of the agency’s quantum computing research efforts: see the Washington Post article NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption, 2 January 2014.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE (U) CLASSIFICATION GUIDE FOR NSA/CSS QUANTUM COMPUTING RESEARCH 10-25 Effective Date:...
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Classification guide for ECI Pawleys (PAW)

Document

Release Date: 2014-10-10 Document Date: 2006-11-14
This 2006 NSA classification guide outlines the sensitivity of the agency’s clandestine human and electronic access to systems in order to “obtain cryptographic information and material”: see the Intercept article Core Secrets: NSA Saboteurs in China and Germany, 10 October 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE 0^ftUJDt54 SD7 AôEWf b<Kf' DTBb3LP HDEYI D0<XS«X 0*YR Jfi! (55^ BUH 5654 ...
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NSA intelligence relationship with Norway

Document

Release Date: 2014-04-26 Document Date: 2013-04-17
An internal NSA Information Paper dated 17 April 2013 that describes the current state of the relationship between NSA and the Norwegian intelligence service: see the Dagbladet article, NIS aquires supercomputer, 26 April 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, NOR National Security Agency/Central 17 April 2013 Security Service Information Paper (S//REL TO USA, NOR) Subject: NSA Intelligence Relationship with No...
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Intercept with PGP encrypted message

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated PRISM intercept from the NSA suggests the agency was unable to decrypt a PGP-encrypted email sent from a Yahoo account: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS//20320108 ********************************************* THIS INFORMATION IS DERIVED FROM FAA COLLECTION UNDER FA...

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