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Tor deanonymisation research (MIP)

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki gives an indication of the agency’s thinking on the feasibility of Tor deanonymisation attacks: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOR deanonymisation research (MIP) - GCWiki TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. TOR ...
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TURMOIL/APEX/APEX High Level Description Document

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Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated page from NSA’s internal WikiInfo describes some of the agency’s techniques for capturing IPSec Virtual Private Network (VPN) traffic: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TURMOIL/APEX/APEX High Level Description Document - Wikiinfo The accredited security level of this system is: TOP SECRET//SI-GAMMA/TALENT KEYHOLE//ORCON/PROPIN/RELIDO/REL TO USA, FVEY * TOP...
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Fielded Capability: End-to-End VPN SPIN 9 Design Review

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated NSA presentation describes the Spin 9 system for decrypting VPN data: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
The overall classification for this brief is: TOPSECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 SPIN 9 Design Review TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 VPN ...
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TURMOIL GALLANTWAVE

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated page from NSA’s internal WikiInfo describes tools for attacking VPNs: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TURMOIL GALLANTWAVE - Wikiinfo The accredited security level of this system is: TOP SECRET//SI-GAMMA/TALENT KEiHOLEZ/OHCON/PHOPIN/RELIDO/RELTOUSiV FVE¥ * TOPSECRETOSIf/RELTO USA, FVEY (U//F...
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VALIANTSURF WikiInfo page

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Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated page from NSA’s internal WikiInfo describes VALIANTSURF “the coverterm for the development of Data Network Cipher (DNC) exploitation capabilities in TURMOIL”: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
VALIANTSURF - Wikiinfo The accredited security level of this system is: TOP SECRET//SI-GAMMA/TALENT KEYHOLE//ORCON/PROPIN/RELIDO/REL TO USA, FVEY * TOP SECRET1/SI/10RCON1REL TO USA, FVEY ...
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What Your Mother Never Told You About SIGDEV Analysis

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Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated presentation from NSA’s Network Analysis Center describes agency techniques for overcoming Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
(s//si//rel) What Your Mother Never Told You About SIGDEV Analysis^^^^^^^ SSG21 Net Pursuit Network Analysis Center Derived From: NSA/CSSM 1-52 Dated: 20070108 Declassify On: 2037040...
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POISONNUT

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Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated page from NSA’s internal WikiInfo describes POISONNUT, “the Virtual Private Network Attack Orchestrator (VAO)”: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
POISONNUT - Wikiinfo The accredited security level of this system is: TOP SECRET//SI-GAMMA/TALENT KEYHOLP//nRmv/PRnPiN/BFi inn/RPi rn tt*;4 fvfv * TOP SECRETJ/SI//REL TO USA, FVEY (u) POISON...
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Template:POISONNUT Product

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated page from NSA’s internal WikiInfo describes POISONNUT and its role in attcks against VPNs: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TemplaterPOISONNUT Product - Wikiinfo The accredited security level of this system is: TOP SECRET//SI-GAMMA/TALENT KE YHO LE//ORC ON /PRO PI N/RELID O/REL TO USA, FVEY * TOP SECRET//SI//REL ...
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Turmoil VPN Processing

Document

Document Date: 2009-10-27Release Date: 2014-12-28
This NSA presentation dated 27 October 2009 outlines the use of intercepted IPSec VPN data within the agency: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TURMOIL VPN PROCESSING 27 October 2009 The overall classification for this brief is: [TOPSECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY] TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA FVEY Agenda • VPN Technolo...
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Making Things Measurable: Technology Trending Challenges and Approaches

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Document Date: 2012-06-06Release Date: 2014-12-28
This 40-page NSA presentation for the June 2012 SIGDEV conference includes a ranking of cryptographic protocols in order of ‘risk’ the they pose to the agency’s operations: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY//20340601 SIGDEV Conference 2012 (U) Making Things Measureable: Technology Trending Challenges and Approaches June 2012 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY/...
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VoIP NSA alias

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated page from GCHQ’s GCWiki describes agents attending meetings of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), primarily concerning emerging voice over IP technologies: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
VoIP NSA alias - GCWiki UKTOP SECRET The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP 1 COMINT. VoIP NS A alias From GCWiki Jump to: navigation, search SAMESHEET...
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SIGINT Strategy Threads 4 and 7

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Document Date: 2011-09-14Release Date: 2014-12-28
This 14 September 2011 post from the NSA internal newsletter SIDToday from the agency’s Cryptanalysis and Exploitation Services division explains why ubiquitous encryption presents a “major threat” to the agency: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
SIDToday - SIGINT Strategy Threads 4 and 7 DYNAMIC PAGE - HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL • Web search • Agency-all Emails • SID...
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Cryptographic Modernization (CryptoMod) Classification Guide

Document

Document Date: 2010-02-01Release Date: 2014-12-28
This NSA classification guide dated 1 February 2010 details the sensitivity of particular aspects of the joint NSA/Department of Defense Crytographic Modernization Program: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY National Security Agency Central Security Service (U) Cryptographic Modernization (CryptoMod) Classification Guide 3-9 Effective Date: 1 Februar...
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National Information Assurance Research Laboratory (NIARL) Newsletter – September 2008

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Document Date: 2008-09-01Release Date: 2014-12-28
This September 2008 newsletter from the National Information Assurance Research Laboratory (NIARL), an unit within the NSA’s Research Directorate gives an indication of the agency’s progress with cryptanalysis – which, with “only a handful of in-house techniques” – appears to be modest: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet […]
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 September 2008 Edition ■ (U) Message from the NIARL Director: (U//FOUO) Welcome to the September 2008 edition of the National ...
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Turmoil IPSec VPN Sessionization

Document

Document Date: 2008-08-15Release Date: 2014-12-28
This NSA presentation from 15 August 2008 includes descriptions of VPN packets: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 TURMOIL IPSEC VPN SESSIONIZ AT ION Issue No.l........... Issue Date 08/15/08.. Responsible Authority Author Tec...
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TCB Jamboree 2012

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Release Date: 2015-03-10
This internal NSA wiki page from 2012 invites employees to the annual CIA Engineering Development Group “Jamboree” for discussing advancements in the compromise of consumer hardware and software: see the Intercept article iSpy: The CIA Campaign to Steal Apple’s Secrets, 10 March 2015.
[edit] TCB Jamboree 2012 (S//NF) The Information Operations Center's Engineering Development Group (EDG) will hold its seventh annual Trusted Computing Base (TCB) Jamboree from February 7-9, 2...
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Computer Network Operations SIGINT Enabling project

Document

Document Date: 2012-02-01Release Date: 2013-09-05
An outline for the SIGINT Enabling project, which aims to “influence and/or overtly leverage” the design of commercial IT products. A small section of this document was later un-redacted by The Intercept: see the ProPublica article Revealed: The NSA’s Secret Campaign to Crack, Undermine Internet Security, 5 September 2013.
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN (U) COMPUTER NETWORK OPERATIONS (U) SIGINT ENABLING This Exhibit is SECRET//NOFORN FY20111 Actual FY 2012 Enacted FY 2013 Request FY 2012 - FY 2013...
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Tor Stinks

Document

Document Date: 2012-06-01Release Date: 2013-10-04
A presentation entitled ‘Tor Stinks’ outlines the capabilities and difficulties of attacking the Tor anonymity network: see the Guardian article NSA and GCHQ target Tor network that protects anonymity of web users, 4 October 2013.
TOP SECRET//COMINT// REL FVEY Stinks JUN 2012 Derived From: NSA/CSSM 1-52 Dated: 20070108 Declassify On: 20370101 TOP SECRET//COMINT// REL FVEY TOP SECRET//COMINT// REL FVEY To...
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Classification guide for ECI Pawleys (PAW)

Document

Document Date: 2006-11-14Release Date: 2014-10-10
This 2006 NSA classification guide outlines the sensitivity of the agency’s clandestine human and electronic access to systems in order to “obtain cryptographic information and material”: see the Intercept article Core Secrets: NSA Saboteurs in China and Germany, 10 October 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE 0^ftUJDt54 SD7 AôEWf b<Kf' DTBb3LP HDEYI D0<XS«X 0*YR Jfi! (55^ BUH 5654 ...
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Net Defense from Encrypted Communications

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This February 2012 presentation from NSA’s Technology Directorate describes a system codenamed BLUESNORT and its relationship to associated systems: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
(U//FOUO) Net Defense from Encrypted Communications irt i ir\ / 1 HI 1 SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY Increment 3 Requirement SYSREQ10322.2 (S//REL) TURMOIL shall reinject decrypted ...
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BULLRUN CoI – Briefing Sheet

Document

Release Date: 2013-09-05
This undated GCHQ document provides a classification guide for BULLRUN – NSA and GCHQ’s attempts to weaken or defeat cryptographic protocols – and specifies some of its achievements: see the ProPublica article Revealed: The NSA’s Secret Campaign to Crack, Undermine Internet Security, 5 September 2013.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT BULLRUN Col - Briefing Sheet Introduction 1. The ability to exploit targets’ encrypted communications is extremely fragile and is often enabled through sensiti...
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BULLRUN

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated presentation from GCHQ’s PTD (Penetrating Target Defences) unit gives an overview of BULLRUN efforts to defeat encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 BULLRUN PTD Lead for Special Operations and Policy PTD "We penetrate targets' defences." This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information A...
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OPULENT PUP

Document

Document Date: 2009-09-18Release Date: 2014-12-04
This extract from a September 2009 GCHQ document describes a project codenamed OPULENT PUP, intended to clear the way for exploitation of the A5/3 GSM cipher: see the Intercept article Operation Auroragold: How the NSA Hacks Cellphone Networks Worldwide, 4 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 TALKS Pnase 2 Test & TTO Plan SMO/00007CPO/4524/P02003/000/05 18 September 2009 3.6 A5/3 crypt attack proof-of-concept demonstrator 3.6.1 Scope To successfully pr...
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A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network (presentation)

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation proposes a deanonymisation attack against Tor users based on the collection of data from exit nodes owned by the agency: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network OPC-MCR, GCHQ This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act 20...
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Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process

Document

Document Date: 2010-09-13Release Date: 2014-12-28
This 13 September 2010 presentation from the NSA’s OTP VPN Exploitation Team explains the work of the division: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process OTP VPN Exploitation Team S31176 September 13, 2010 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, G...
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VS MALIBU IKE And ESP Metadata Flows

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
These four undated NSA slides show a workflow for defeating VPN encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL VS MALIBU IKE And ESP Metadata Flows /20291123 TUBE TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 TOP SECRET//COMIN...
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Strawhorse: Attacking the MacOS and iOS Software Development Kit

Document

Document Date: 2012-02-10Release Date: 2015-03-10
This NSA summary of a talk presented at the 2012 TCB Jamboree describes a Sandia National Laboratories approach to attacking Apple technology using compromised developer tools: see the Intercept article iSpy: The CIA Campaign to Steal Apple’s Secrets, 10 March 2015.
[edit] (S//NF) Strawhorse: Attacking the MacOS and iOS Software Development Kit (S) Presenter: Sandia National Laboratories (S//NF) Ken Thompson's gcc attack (described in his 1984 Turing aw...
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Roger Dingledine at NSA NOV 2007

Document

Document Date: 2007-11-01Release Date: 2013-10-04
This NSA memo summarises a talk given by Roger Dingledine of the Tor Project on 1 November 2007: see the Secret NSA documents show campaign against Tor encrypted network, 4 October 2013.
TOP SECRET // COMINT // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Roger Dingledine at NSA NOV 2007 From PE Contents * 1 (U) Talk by Roger Dingledine at NSA, 11/01/2007 at R&E (Sponsored by NSA RT) o 1...
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TLS Trends at GCHQ

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation explains the agency’s FLYING PIG database and its role in undermining SSL/TLS encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TS//SI//REL TLS trends at GCHQ TS//S1//REL TS//SI//REL Source of data Our TLS events come from our TLS app - Runs on special source (approx. 200 x 10G) and Comsat data -Produ...
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Crypt Discovery Joint Collaboration Activity

Document

Document Date: 2011-01-20Release Date: 2015-09-25
This joint NSA/GCHQ research paper dated 20 January 2011 cites encryption as a threat impacting on both agencies: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
crypt-discovery-activity-p1-normal.gif: TOP SECRET Crypt Discovery Joint Collaboration Activity 20 January 2011 Activity Owners I H/nsa Overview Our Internet Exploitation capabil...

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