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Assessment of Intelligence Opportunity – Juniper

Document

Release Date: 2015-12-23 Document Date: 2011-02-03
This GCHQ report dated 3 February 2011 and written by a seconded NSA staff member, alludes to the agencies’ capabilities against 13 models of firewalls produced by Juniper Networks, Inc: see the Intercept article NSA Helped British Spies Find Security Holes In Juniper Firewalls, 23 December 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 ASSESSMENT OF INTELLIGENCE OPPORTUNITY - JUNIPER 03 February 2011 Executive Summary Background • Juniper Networks, Inc. headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, USA is...
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DEFIANTWARRIOR and the NSA’s Use of Bots

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2010-05-24
This 24 May 2010 NSA presentation describes the ways the agency uses botnets (“bot herding”): see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY DEFIANTWARRIO R 7 / //and the ; NSA's Uè^ojÆotá/ Overall Classification: TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY Current As Of: 24 May 2010 Derived From: NSA/CSS...
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BYZANTINE HADES: An Evolution of Collection

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2010-06-01
This June 2010 NSA presentation for the SIGDEV conference describes efforts to trace a suspected Chinese cyber attack: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL (S//REL)BYZANTINE HADES: An Evolution of Collection NTOC, V225 SIGINT Development Conference June 2010 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO...
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TUTELAGE

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17
This undated NSA presentation describes techniques for repurposing third party attack tools: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY Before TUTELAGE... AFTERk INTRUSION Manual Analysis of Reporting Lo...
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SNOWGLOBE: From Discovery to Attribution

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This 2011 CSEC presentation describes how the agency analysed SNOWGLOBE, which it considered “to be a state-sponsored CNO effort, put forth by a French intelligence agency”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
Overall Classification: TOP SECRET II COMINT II REL TO CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA ■ ■ Communications Security Establishment Canada SNOWGLOBE: From Discovery to Attribution CSEC CNT/Cyb...
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TRANSGRESSION Overview for Pod58

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2010-02-07
This 7 February 2010 NSA presentation outlines techniques to “discover, understand, evaluate, and exploit foreign CNE/CNA exploits”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOPSECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY TRANSGRESSION Overview for Pod58 S31177 7 Feb 2010 DERIVED FROM: NSA/CSSM 1-52 DATED 08 JAN 2007 DECLASSIFY ON: 20320108 TOPSECRET//COMINT//REL T...
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CNE End Point Requirements

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17
This undated GCHQ reference document enumerates the processes and tools analysts use for computer network exploitation: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT CNE End Point Requirements CATEGORY O Experimt O Refinemer O Bug Fix O ALL REQTYPE O Capability O Convergenc O Query O Taskir O Viewe Oall PRIOR...
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CNE Presence in CT10 Status Report

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17
This undated NSA paper describes a project to recognise and process data that comes from third party attacks on computers: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN//20291123 CNE Presence in CT10 Status Report Authors: SNIP Intern 1LT (U//FOUO) Executive Summary (S//SI//REL USA, FVEY) This paper discusses the work ...
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CyberCOP

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-12 Document Date: 2013-04-11
These three slides, taken from a 11 April 2013 NSA presentation show screenshots from a tool called CyberCOP, which appears to monitor botnets and the DDOS attacks they perform: see the NDR.de article Cyberkrieg: Wie gefährdet ist Deutschland?, 12 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY CYBER COP CDOSG Apr 11, 2013 CyberCOP Product Manager Overall Classification: TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA,FVEY TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY ...
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PCS Harvesting at Scale

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-19 Document Date: 2010-04-27
This April 2010 GCHQ report proposes an automated approach to seizing large numbers of mobile phone encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Reference: OPC-TDSD/TECH/21 Date: 27th April 2010 PCS Harvesting at Scale (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-CAP) (OPC-TDSD) Summary This report explores the ...
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Computer-Network Exploitation Successes South of the Border

Document

Release Date: 2013-10-20 Document Date: 2010-11-15
This extract from a 15 November 2010 NSA memo reveals that the agency has been able to access Mexican President Felipe Calderon’s email account: see the Der Spiegel article NSA Accessed Mexican President’s Email, 20 October 2013.
(TS//SI//REL) Computer-Network Exploitation Successes South of the Border I FROM: .* BA. Chief, NSA-Texas TAO/Requiremcnts & Targeting (FTS327) Run Date: 11/15/2010 rS//SI//REL) TAO-en...
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ISA-94: Application for renewal of warrant GPW/1160 in respect of activities which involve the modification of commercial software

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2008-06-13
This GCHQ application for warrant renewal from June 2008 shows that the agency has been engaged in the reverse engineering of commercial antivirus software for the purposes of facilitating its hacking operations: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP2 UK EYES ONLY Date: 13 June 2008 GCHQ Reference: A/9014/9105/55 Sian MacLeod Mariot Leslie Foreign Secretary ISA-94: APPLICATION FOR RENEWAL OF WARRANT GPW/1160 IN...
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GCSB has identified an MFA data link

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-19 Document Date: 2013-04-01
This short extract from an April 2013 NSA document describes a “verbal agreement” between GCSB and NSA to proceed with the FROSTBITE / BASILHAYDEN project to infiltrate a Chinese diplomatic data link: see the New Zealand Herald article Leaked papers reveal NZ plan to spy on China for US, 19 April 2015.
(TS//SI//NF) New Zealand: GCSB has identified an MFA data link between the Chinese Consulate and Chinese Visa Office in Auckland. NSA and GCSB have verbally agreed to move forward with a coopera...
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QUANTUMTHEORY success at SARATOGA

Document

Release Date: 2016-08-19 Document Date: 2011-04-15
This 15 April 2011 article from the NSA’s internal newsletter Special Source Operations News discusses the delivery of malware to a target in Pakistan while they were using Facebook: see the Intercept article The NSA Leak is Real, Snowden Documents Confirm, 19 August 2016.
(TS//SI//NF) DGO Enables Endpoint Implants via QUANTUMTHEORY By [[REDACTED]] on 2011-09-26 1548 (TS//SI//NF) In another example of the emerging collaboration between the Endpoint and Midpoint ...
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SIGINT Development Support II Program Management Review

Document

Release Date: 2016-08-19 Document Date: 2013-04-24
Four slides taken from a 24 April 2013 NSA presentation detail how SECONDDATE man-in-the-middle attacks were used against targets in Pakistan and Lebanon: see the Intercept article The NSA Leak is Real, Snowden Documents Confirm, 19 August 2016.
TOP SECRET//SI//NOFORN The overall classification of this brief is (U) SIGINT Development Support II Program Management Review ► 24 April 2013 TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN Derived Fro...
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Stealthy Techniques Can Crack Some of SIGINT’s Hardest Targets

Document

Release Date: 2014-05-13 Document Date: 2010-06-01
A June 2010 report from the NSA internal newsletter SIDtoday, authored by the chief of the agency’s Access and Target Development, describes the interdiction and backdooring of “shipments of computer network devices (servers, routers, etc.)”: see the book No Place To Hide, 13 May 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN June 2010 (U) Stealthy Techniques Can Crack Some of SIGINT’s Hardest Targets By: (U//FOUO)| 1, Chief, Access and Target Development (S3261) (TS//SE/NF)...
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Hacking Routers

Document

Release Date: 2014-03-12 Document Date: 2012-12-01
This extract from an NSA document dated December 2012 shows the agency’s concern that other nation-state actors are adopting similar techniques: see the Intercept article How the NSA Plans to Infect ‘Millions’ of Computers with Malware, 12 March 2014.
(TS//SI//REL) Happy Friday my esteemed and valued Intelligence Community colleagues! There has been a topic of conversation that has started to rumble beneath the surface of the Cyber-scene latel...
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Making Network Sense of the encryption problem

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-13 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This 2011 presentation by the head of GCHQ’s Network Analysis Centre outlines the agency’s interest in exploiting telecommunications companies, namely to “get at the data before it is encrypted”: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP 2 // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL ------m/\cz NETWORK ^IM^ySIS CSfSJTRe Making Network Sense of the encryption problem Roundtable Head of GCHQ NAC This info...
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Fourth Party Opportunities

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17
This undated NSA presentation describes the process of Fourth Party collection – “I drink your milkshake”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY (U) Fourth Party Opportunities O TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY (U) What is 4th Party ..................
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Is there “fifth party” collection?

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This undated post from an NSA discussion board describes “fourth party collection” – piggybacking on another state’s computer network exploitation operation: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
(TS//SI//REL) Is there "fifth party" collection? | Round Table Dynamic Page - Highest Possible Classification is TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA, FVEY (TS//SI//REL) Is there "fifth part...
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FASHIONCLEFT Interface Control Document

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2009-06-15
This internal NSA document dated 15 June 2009 describes a protocol the agency uses to exfiltrate data from its computer network exploitation operations: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
Classification: TOP SECRET//COMINT//X1 // COMINT // XI FASHIONCLEFT Interface Control Document Updated: 15 June 2009 Document Number: TAO.DNT_SE07_005_V1.1 28 March 2005 FASHIONCLE...
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Case Studies of Integrated Cyber Operation Techniques

Document

Release Date: 2014-03-12
This undated NSA SIGINT presentation describes nine varieties of QUANTUM malware attack, their operational status and success in the field: see the Intercept article How the NSA Plans to Infect ‘Millions’ of Computers with Malware, 12 March 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Case Studies of Integrated Cyber Operation Techniques NSA/CSS Threat Operations Center VS TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY (U//FOUO) TUiT0t.EÄ,©i...
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Black Budget entry on Computer Network Operations GENIE project

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2012-02-18
This extract from the US Intelligence Community’s Congressional Budget Justification for the Fiscal Year 2013 (the “Black Budget”) provides the budget for GENIE the project “which underpins NSA/CSS’ Computer Network Operations (CNO) Endpoint capabilities conducted by the Tailored Access Operations (TAO) Group: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for […]
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN (U) COMPUTER NETWORK OPERATIONS (U) GENIE This Exhibit is SECRET//NOFORN FY 20111 Actual FY 2012 Enacted FY 2013 Request FY 2012 - FY 2013 Base...
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CSEC Cyber Threat Capabilities

Document

Release Date: 2015-03-23 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This CSE presentation from 2011 describes some of the cyber warfare tools at the agency’s disposal: see the article Communication Security Establishment’s cyberwarfare toolbox revealed, 23 March 2015.
■ ^ ■ Communications Security Centre de la sécurité TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO FVEY Establishment Canada des télécommunications Canada CSEC Cyber Threat Capabilities SIGINT and ITS: an en...
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Iran – Current Topics, Interaction with GCHQ

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-10 Document Date: 2013-04-12
This NSA talking points memo dated 12 April 2013 notes that Iran “has demonstrated a clear ability to learn from the capabilities and actions of others”: see the Intercept article NSA Claims Iran Learned from Western Cyberattacks, 10 February 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN (U) Topic: Iran - Current Topics, Interaction with GCHQ (U) Director's Talking Points: * (TS//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY) Emphasize that we have successfully worked mu...
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Computer Network Exploitation (CNE) Classification Guide / 2-59

Document

Release Date: 2014-10-10 Document Date: 2010-03-01
This 2010 NSA classication guide outlines the sensitivity of aspects of the agency’s hacking activities: see the Intercept article Core Secrets: NSA Saboteurs in China and Germany, 10 October 2010.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY (U) CLASSIFICATION GUIDE TITLE/NUMBER: Computer Network Exploitation (CNE) Classification Guide / 2-59 (U) PUBLICATION DATE: 1 March 2010 (U) OFFICE OF O...
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Sentry Eagle National Initiative – Security Framework

Document

Release Date: 2014-10-10
This group of three undated NSA slides provides a graphical representation of the sensitivity of aspects of the agency’s SENTRY EAGLE programme: see the Intercept article Core Secrets: NSA Saboteurs in China and Germany, 10 October 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN SENTRY EAGLE National Initiative - Security Framework DERIVED FROM: NSA/CSS Manual 1-52. Dated: 20041123. Declassify On: 20291123 TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN ...
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QUANTUMTHEORY

Document

Release Date: 2014-03-12 Document Date: 2010-01-01
This presentation from the 2010 SIGDEV Conference describes the contribution made by GCHQ to the development of Quantum techniques: see the Intercept article How the NSA Plans to Infect ‘Millions’ of Computers with Malware, 12 March 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY//20320108 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY//20320108 SIGDEV: Discovery in the Cyber Ag> TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY//20320108 (U) Clas...
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Introduction to WLAN / 802.11 Active CNE Operations

Document

Release Date: 2016-08-19 Document Date: 2010-12-15
This NSA presentation from December 2010 forms the second part of a course in using the agency’s CNE tools: see the Intercept article The NSA Leak is Real, Snowden Documents Confirm, 19 August 2016.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN CLOSE « ACCESS Introduction to WLAN / 802.11 Active CNE Operations December 15-16, 2010 TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN Classifi...
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Wireless LAN/CNE Tool Training Course and Evaluation

Document

Release Date: 2016-08-19 Document Date: 2010-12-15
This NSA presentation from December 2010 forms the first part of a course in using the agency’s CNE tools: see the Intercept article The NSA Leak is Real, Snowden Documents Confirm, 19 August 2016.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN CLOSE « ACCESS Wireless LAN / CNE Tool Training Course and Evaluation TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN Classification #4 CLOSE...

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