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HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book

Document

Release Date: 2016-02-02 Document Date: 2011-09-20
This GCHQ research report dated 20 September 2011, cowritten by researchers at Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research based at the University of Bristol, concerns the use of data mining techniques to develop usable intelligence as well as the contradictions that arise from the use of algorithms to identify wrong doers, or potential wrong doers. The […]
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT AUS/CAN/NZ/UK/US EYES ONLY Reference: OPC-M/TECH.A/455 (v1.0, r206) Date: 20 September 2011 Copy no: HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book OPC-MCR, G...
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Assessment of Intelligence Opportunity – Juniper

Document

Release Date: 2015-12-23 Document Date: 2011-02-03
This GCHQ report dated 3 February 2011 and written by a seconded NSA staff member, alludes to the agencies’ capabilities against 13 models of firewalls produced by Juniper Networks, Inc: see the Intercept article NSA Helped British Spies Find Security Holes In Juniper Firewalls, 23 December 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 ASSESSMENT OF INTELLIGENCE OPPORTUNITY - JUNIPER 03 February 2011 Executive Summary Background • Juniper Networks, Inc. headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, USA is...
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DEFIANTWARRIOR and the NSA’s Use of Bots

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2010-05-24
This 24 May 2010 NSA presentation describes the ways the agency uses botnets (“bot herding”): see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY DEFIANTWARRIO R 7 / //and the ; NSA's Uè^ojÆotá/ Overall Classification: TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY Current As Of: 24 May 2010 Derived From: NSA/CSS...
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SNOWGLOBE: From Discovery to Attribution

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This 2011 CSEC presentation describes how the agency analysed SNOWGLOBE, which it considered “to be a state-sponsored CNO effort, put forth by a French intelligence agency”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
Overall Classification: TOP SECRET II COMINT II REL TO CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA ■ ■ Communications Security Establishment Canada SNOWGLOBE: From Discovery to Attribution CSEC CNT/Cyb...
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NSA Extended Enterprise Report: July 2008

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-02 Document Date: 2008-07-08
This extract from a July 2008 NSA document describes Argentina as GCHQ’s “primary interest” in Latin America: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.
TOP SECRET//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 Extended Enterprise Report: July 2008 This document summarises key activities of interest to GCHQ at the NSA Regional Cryptologic Center...
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PCS Harvesting at Scale

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-19 Document Date: 2010-04-27
This April 2010 GCHQ report proposes an automated approach to seizing large numbers of mobile phone encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Reference: OPC-TDSD/TECH/21 Date: 27th April 2010 PCS Harvesting at Scale (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-CAP) (OPC-TDSD) Summary This report explores the ...
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LEVIATHAN and the FFU Hypothesis

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-28 Document Date: 2012-01-01
This CSE (then CSEC) presentation from 2012 describes the Canadian agency’s file download monitoring operation: see the Intercept article Canada Casts Global Surveillance Dragnet Over File Downloads, 28 January 2015. cse-presentation-on-the-levitation-project
TOP SECRET//SI//REL CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA LEVITATION and the FFU Hypothesis cse-cst.gc.ca TOP SECRET//SI//REL CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA What is LEVITATION? A behaviour-based target...
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Graph theory in the operational environment

Document

This undated presentation from GCHQ’s Information and Communications Technology Research department discusses the agency’s efforts in finding “closed loops” of cheap burner phones, a major focus for the agency in the wake of the 7/7 London bombings: see the Intercept article How London’s 7/7 Bombings Led to “Unprecedented” Surveillance Tactics, 1 March 2018.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Graph theory in the operational environment TOP SECRET STRAP1 What I will cover Finding operational closed loops: - The reality of target behaviour - ...
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ISA-94: Application for renewal of warrant GPW/1160 in respect of activities which involve the modification of commercial software

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2008-06-13
This GCHQ application for warrant renewal from June 2008 shows that the agency has been engaged in the reverse engineering of commercial antivirus software for the purposes of facilitating its hacking operations: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP2 UK EYES ONLY Date: 13 June 2008 GCHQ Reference: A/9014/9105/55 Sian MacLeod Mariot Leslie Foreign Secretary ISA-94: APPLICATION FOR RENEWAL OF WARRANT GPW/1160 IN...
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Tracking Targets on Online Social Networks

Document

Release Date: 2014-05-13 Document Date: 2009-09-01
This September 2009 NSA presentation outline some of the insights that analysts can gather from online social networks (OSNs) and show the XKeyScore interface for performing such searches: see the book No Place To Hide, 13 May 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY (S//SI//REL) Tracking Targets on Online Social Networks The overall classification of this briefing to TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY Online...
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HTTP Activity in XKEYSCORE

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01 Document Date: 2009-03-01
This NSA presentation from March 2009 explains how agency analysts can exploit HTTP data through XKeyScore: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 HTTP Activity in XKEYSCORE March 2009 Derived From: NSA/QSSM 1-52 Dated: 200701 (T Declassify On: 202911 ...
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MILKWHITE Enrichment Services (MES) Programme

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-07 Document Date: 2011-03-09
This two-page extract from a larger GCHQ document dated 9 March 2011 describes MILKWHITE, the codename under which metadata gathered by the agency is shared with other branches of the British government: see the Intercept article Facing Data Deluge, Secret U.K. Spying Report Warned of Intelligence Failure, 7 June 2016.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 9 March 2011 DISCOVER ID 5100181 E. MILKWHITE Enrichment Service (MES) Programme In FY11/12 the MES Programme will continue to support the Home Office Communications Ca...
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MHS and GCHQ “Get in the Game with Target Development for World of Warcraft Online Gaming”

Document

Release Date: 2013-12-09 Document Date: 2008-01-01
An NSA document from 2008 shows that efforts to collect data from players of World of Warcraft started that year with the development of specialised exploits by GCHQ. The operation was based at Menwith Hill in the UK: see the New York Times article Spies’ Dragnet Reaches a Playing Field of Elves and Trolls, 9 […]
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY (TS//SI//REL) MHS and GCHQ “Get in the Game” with Target Development for World of Warcraft Online Gaming (TS//SI//REL) Although online gaming may seem...
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Classification Guide for SIGINT Material Dating from 16 August 1945 – 31 December 1967

Document

Release Date: 2014-06-18 Document Date: 2011-11-21
This NSA classification guide, dated 21 November 2011, covers signals intelligence material that as to be kept secret for more than the standard 60 years: see the Der Spiegel article The NSA in Germany: Snowden’s Documents Available for Download, 18 June 2014.
TOP SECRET//SjyTK//NOFÜRN NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE (U) CLASSIFICATION GUIDE FOR SIGINT Material Dating from 16 August 1945 *31 December 1967 Effects Dale: 21 De...
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Visit Precis: Sir Iain Lobban

Document

Release Date: 2014-04-30 Document Date: 2013-04-01
This internal NSA document from April 2013 gives background information to prepare for the then GCHQ Director’s visit on 30 April and 1 May; included topics include access to PRISM data, FLAME malware, Iran, Syria and Israel: see the Intercept article British Spy Chiefs Secretly Begged to Play in NSA’s Data Pools, 30 April 2014. […]
TOPSECRET//SI//NOFORN VISIT PRÉCIS Sir Iain Lobban, KCMG, CB Director, Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) 30 April 2013 - 1 May 2013 GEN A Hosted Dinner: 30 April 2013//1...
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Full Spectrum Cyber Effects

Document

Release Date: 2014-04-04
This presentation, prepared by GCHQ’s Joint Threat Research Intelligence Group (JTRIG) for the 2010 SIGDEV conference describes the agency’s “effects” operations – including the use of social media for propaganda purposes: see the Intercept article: The “Cuban Twitter” Scam Is a Drop in the Internet Propaganda Bucket, 4 April 2014.
UK TOP SECRET STRAP 1 GCHQ Full-Spectrum Cyber Effects name redacted jTMii Head of JTRIG name redacted SD Effects Lead SIGINT Development as an enabler for GCHQ’s “Effects” m...
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BULLRUN

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated presentation from GCHQ’s PTD (Penetrating Target Defences) unit gives an overview of BULLRUN efforts to defeat encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 BULLRUN PTD Lead for Special Operations and Policy PTD "We penetrate targets' defences." This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information A...
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BULLRUN CoI – Briefing Sheet

Document

Release Date: 2013-09-05
This undated GCHQ document provides a classification guide for BULLRUN – NSA and GCHQ’s attempts to weaken or defeat cryptographic protocols – and specifies some of its achievements: see the ProPublica article Revealed: The NSA’s Secret Campaign to Crack, Undermine Internet Security, 5 September 2013.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT BULLRUN Col - Briefing Sheet Introduction 1. The ability to exploit targets’ encrypted communications is extremely fragile and is often enabled through sensiti...
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Making Network Sense of the encryption problem

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-13 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This 2011 presentation by the head of GCHQ’s Network Analysis Centre outlines the agency’s interest in exploiting telecommunications companies, namely to “get at the data before it is encrypted”: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP 2 // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL ------m/\cz NETWORK ^IM^ySIS CSfSJTRe Making Network Sense of the encryption problem Roundtable Head of GCHQ NAC This info...
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Is there “fifth party” collection?

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This undated post from an NSA discussion board describes “fourth party collection” – piggybacking on another state’s computer network exploitation operation: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
(TS//SI//REL) Is there "fifth party" collection? | Round Table Dynamic Page - Highest Possible Classification is TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA, FVEY (TS//SI//REL) Is there "fifth part...
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Profiling SSL and Attributing Private Networks

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation introduces the FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY tools: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL PROFILING SSL AND ATTRIBUTING PRIVATE NETWORKS An introduction to FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY ICTR - Network Exploitation GCHQ T R J...
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Tor: Overview of Existing Techniques

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2012-01-01
This undated GCHQ presentation indicates the agency’s Tor research efforts as of 2012: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Tor: Overview of Existing Techniques (15 minutes) TOP SECRET STRAP 1 C! X R «two THIS INCDRHftTION IS EXEMPT UNDER THE FREEDOM QC I hJTOR M ATIG R FTF n -SV “Q A ...
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A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network (presentation)

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation proposes a deanonymisation attack against Tor users based on the collection of data from exit nodes owned by the agency: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network OPC-MCR, GCHQ This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act 20...
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FININT Tasking

Document

Release Date: 2017-09-23 Document Date: 2012-04-24
This page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki, dated 24 April 2012 describes procedures for searching through financial data retained by the agency, and cites examples of some of its sources: see the Intercept article Airport Police Demanded An Activist’s Passwords. He Refused. Now He Faces Prison In The UK, 23 September 2017.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. For GCWiki help contact: webteam RUSSETT Support pag...
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Transnational DNI Training

Document

Release Date: 2018-03-01
This undated NSA instructional presentation, along with instructor’s notes, provides a briefing on metadata sharing between the Five Eyes: see the Intercept article How London’s 7/7 Bombings Led to “Unprecedented” Surveillance Tactics, 1 March 2018.
TOPSECRET//COMINT/REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 (U) Instructional Content/Activities (U) Instructor Notes - (U) This lesson will provide you with an overview of sensitive ...
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GCHQ Cyprus

Document

Release Date: 2015-08-03
This two-page extract from a longer, undated, GCHQ document describing its presence in Cyprus, states that “Under the ECHELON Agreement, NSA provides 50% of the funding for the SOUNDER Comsat facility”: see the Intercept article GCHQ and Me: My Life Unmasking British Eavesdroppers, 3 August 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Technical Capability 24. Improve Mission Management to ensure efficient use of our Sigint resources. The UK hubs/Access Services will continue to simplify and improve per...
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Artemis DGO and DOC Special

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-07 Document Date: 2009-01-01
This extract from a 2009 GCHQ presentation includes a report on PRESTON, the agency’s programme for intercepting the communications of individuals or organisations who are subject to surveillance warrants. The report found that, in one six-month period, 97% of such communications had not been viewed by the authorities: see the Intercept article Facing Data Deluge, […]
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 DGO and DOC Special TOP SECRET STRAP 1 This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and may be subject to exemption under other...
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Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-02 Document Date: 2011-03-10
These extracts from a GCHQ paper dated 10 March 2011 provide an indication of the agency’s ongoing effects (misinformation) and “online HUMINT” operations: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.s
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations PhD Human Systems Group, Information Management ...
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JFK Assassination Records Classification/Declassification Guide Number: 385-00

Document

Release Date: 2017-10-25 Document Date: 2000-06-23
This classification guide from 2000 shows that aspects of NSA investigations related to the Kennedy assassination were still classed as top secret, decades later: see the Intercept article NSA Concealed Records on JFK Assassination for Decades, 25 October 2017.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 (U) JFK ASSASSINATION RECORDS CLASSIFICATION/ DECLASSIFICATION GUIDE NUMBER: 385-00 (U) PUBLICATION DATE: 23 JUNE 2000 (U) PRO...
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Iran – Current Topics, Interaction with GCHQ

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-10 Document Date: 2013-04-12
This NSA talking points memo dated 12 April 2013 notes that Iran “has demonstrated a clear ability to learn from the capabilities and actions of others”: see the Intercept article NSA Claims Iran Learned from Western Cyberattacks, 10 February 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN (U) Topic: Iran - Current Topics, Interaction with GCHQ (U) Director's Talking Points: * (TS//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY) Emphasize that we have successfully worked mu...

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