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MILKWHITE Enrichment Services (MES) Programme

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-07 Document Date: 2011-03-09
This two-page extract from a larger GCHQ document dated 9 March 2011 describes MILKWHITE, the codename under which metadata gathered by the agency is shared with other branches of the British government: see the Intercept article Facing Data Deluge, Secret U.K. Spying Report Warned of Intelligence Failure, 7 June 2016.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 9 March 2011 DISCOVER ID 5100181 E. MILKWHITE Enrichment Service (MES) Programme In FY11/12 the MES Programme will continue to support the Home Office Communications Ca...
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HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book

Document

Release Date: 2016-02-02 Document Date: 2011-09-20
This GCHQ research report dated 20 September 2011, cowritten by researchers at Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research based at the University of Bristol, concerns the use of data mining techniques to develop usable intelligence as well as the contradictions that arise from the use of algorithms to identify wrong doers, or potential wrong doers. The […]
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT AUS/CAN/NZ/UK/US EYES ONLY Reference: OPC-M/TECH.A/455 (v1.0, r206) Date: 20 September 2011 Copy no: HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book OPC-MCR, G...
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GCHQ Analytic Cloud Challenges

Document

Release Date: 2015-09-25 Document Date: 2012-05-14
This GCHQ presentation dated 14 May 2012 describes the agency receiving “more than 50 billion events [metadata records] per day” and some of the tools available for analysing that mass of data: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
gchq-analytic-cloud-challenges-p1-normal.gif: GCHQ Analytic Cloud Challenges Innovation Lead for Data, Analytics & Visualisation Engineering This information is exempt from Disclosure unde...
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HRA auditing

Document

Release Date: 2015-09-25
This undated page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki describes the agency’s audit procedure to document compliance with the UK Human Rights Act: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
hra-auditing-p1-normal.gif: UK CONFIDENTIAL The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. For GCWiki help contact: webtea...
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Events analysis

Document

Release Date: 2015-09-25 Document Date: 2008-11-27
This GCHQ slide taken from a presentation dates 27 November 2008 confirms that agency metadata repositories can be datamined for information relating to individuals within the UK: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
Events analysis SALAMANCA, HAUSTORIUM, THUGGEE, IMMINGLE less intrusive than communications content authorisation not needed for individuals in the UK necessity and proportionality st...
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PullThrough Steering Group Meeting #16

Document

Release Date: 2015-09-25 Document Date: 2008-02-29
This set of GCHQ minutes from 29 February 2008 describes a set of tools that were under development at that point, including the metadata analysis tool KARMA POLICE: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
pull-through-steering-group-minutes-p1-normal.gif: TOP SECRET STRAP1 THQ/1202THQ/1900/0058 29 February 2008 PullThrough Steering Group Meeting #16 29 February 2008. Distribute to: In...
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QFDs and BLACKHOLE Technology behind GCHQ/INOC

Document

Release Date: 2015-09-25 Document Date: 2009-03-01
This GCHQ presentation from March 2009 describes the BLACKHOLE database used to store raw metadata records from TEMPORA, with about 10 billion records being added each day: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
qfd-blackhole-technology-behind-inoc-p1-normal.gif: QFDsand BLACHOLE Technology behind GCHQ/INOCqfd-blackhole-technology-behind-inoc-p2-normal.gif: TRAP2 COMINT Probes Flat Store Analytic e...
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Tracking Targets on Online Social Networks

Document

Release Date: 2014-05-13 Document Date: 2009-09-01
This September 2009 NSA presentation outline some of the insights that analysts can gather from online social networks (OSNs) and show the XKeyScore interface for performing such searches: see the book No Place To Hide, 13 May 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY (S//SI//REL) Tracking Targets on Online Social Networks The overall classification of this briefing to TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY Online...
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HTTP Activity in XKEYSCORE

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01 Document Date: 2009-03-01
This NSA presentation from March 2009 explains how agency analysts can exploit HTTP data through XKeyScore: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 HTTP Activity in XKEYSCORE March 2009 Derived From: NSA/QSSM 1-52 Dated: 200701 (T Declassify On: 202911 ...
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Advanced HTTP Activity Analysis

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01 Document Date: 2009-01-01
This 114-page NSA training presentation from 2009 explains how agency analysts can exploit HTTP traffic within XKeyScore: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
Advanced HTTP Activity Analysis 2009 Goal The goal of this training is to get you familiar with basic HTTP traffic and understand how to target and expliot it using X-KEYSCORE Ag...
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Legal Authorisation Flowcharts: TARGETING and COLLECTION

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2008-11-01
This GCHQ document from November 2008 provides a guide to the legal authorisations required for different forms of agency activity: see the Intercept article Spies Hacked Computers Thanks to Sweeping Secret Warrants, Aggressively Stretching U.K. Law, 22 June 2015.
UK CONFIDENTIAL Version 6, dated 11/08 Side l The issue on GCVYeb is die definitive version; printed copies may be out of date. Terms are defined in the glossary at http w.v ope rations^'po...
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Intrusion Analysis / JeAC

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2008-07-23
This GCHQ document, last updated on 23 July 2008, provides information about the agency’s systems for detecting network threats and authorisation procedures: see the Intercept article Spies Hacked Computers Thanks to Sweeping Secret Warrants, Aggressively Stretching U.K. Law, 22 June 2015.
SECRET STRAP1 Intrusion Analysis/JeAC The IA team conducts all-source analysis both of emerging and current electronic attack types. It forms part of the Joint Electronic Attack Cell (JeAC)...
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ACNO Skill Levels: Malware Analysis & Reverse Engineering

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22
This undated GCHQ training document details the requirements for analysts engaged in the reverse engineering of commercial antivirus software: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
SECRET ACNO Skill 12: Malware Analysis & Reverse Engineering Knowledge of: • Relevant Operating Systems. • Current trends in attack vectors & targeted applications / protocols / services...
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ISA-94: Application for renewal of warrant GPW/1160 in respect of activities which involve the modification of commercial software

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2008-06-13
This GCHQ application for warrant renewal from June 2008 shows that the agency has been engaged in the reverse engineering of commercial antivirus software for the purposes of facilitating its hacking operations: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP2 UK EYES ONLY Date: 13 June 2008 GCHQ Reference: A/9014/9105/55 Sian MacLeod Mariot Leslie Foreign Secretary ISA-94: APPLICATION FOR RENEWAL OF WARRANT GPW/1160 IN...
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NSA Extended Enterprise Report: July 2008

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-02 Document Date: 2008-07-08
This extract from a July 2008 NSA document describes Argentina as GCHQ’s “primary interest” in Latin America: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.
TOP SECRET//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 Extended Enterprise Report: July 2008 This document summarises key activities of interest to GCHQ at the NSA Regional Cryptologic Center...
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PCS Harvesting at Scale

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-19 Document Date: 2010-04-27
This April 2010 GCHQ report proposes an automated approach to seizing large numbers of mobile phone encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Reference: OPC-TDSD/TECH/21 Date: 27th April 2010 PCS Harvesting at Scale (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-CAP) (OPC-TDSD) Summary This report explores the ...
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CCNE Jan10-Mar10 Trial

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-19
These six slides from 2010 GCHQ presentation outline the results of a trial operation to acquire SIM encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
where-are-these-keys.pdf: TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Where are these keys? Keys live on the SIM card in the phone They also need to be present on the mobile network; are kept carefully protecte...
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LEVIATHAN and the FFU Hypothesis

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-28 Document Date: 2012-01-01
This CSE (then CSEC) presentation from 2012 describes the Canadian agency’s file download monitoring operation: see the Intercept article Canada Casts Global Surveillance Dragnet Over File Downloads, 28 January 2015. cse-presentation-on-the-levitation-project
TOP SECRET//SI//REL CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA LEVITATION and the FFU Hypothesis cse-cst.gc.ca TOP SECRET//SI//REL CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA What is LEVITATION? A behaviour-based target...
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DEFIANTWARRIOR and the NSA’s Use of Bots

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2010-05-24
This 24 May 2010 NSA presentation describes the ways the agency uses botnets (“bot herding”): see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY DEFIANTWARRIO R 7 / //and the ; NSA's Uè^ojÆotá/ Overall Classification: TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY Current As Of: 24 May 2010 Derived From: NSA/CSS...
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SNOWGLOBE: From Discovery to Attribution

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This 2011 CSEC presentation describes how the agency analysed SNOWGLOBE, which it considered “to be a state-sponsored CNO effort, put forth by a French intelligence agency”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
Overall Classification: TOP SECRET II COMINT II REL TO CAN, AUS, GBR, NZL, USA ■ ■ Communications Security Establishment Canada SNOWGLOBE: From Discovery to Attribution CSEC CNT/Cyb...
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Mobile apps doubleheader: BADASS Angry Birds

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17
This undated joint GCHQ/CSEC presentation provides an overview of “exploring and exploiting leaky mobile apps”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
Mobile apps doubleheader: BADASS Angry Birds From 6 weeks to 6 minutes: protocols exploitation in a rapidly changing world Exploring and Exploiting Leaky Mobile Apps with BADASS GTE/GCHQ GA...
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To Nab Afghan Nemesis, German Forces Launch Rare Take-Down Operation; US SIGINT Provides Key Support

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2009-06-12
This 12 June 2009 post from NSA’s internal SIDToday newsletter recounts a German/Afghan targeted operation and its support from the agency: see the Der Spiegel article Obama’s Lists: A Dubious History of Targeted Killings in Afghanistan, 28 December 2014.
SIDToday - To Nab Afghan Nemesis, German Forces Launch Rare Take-Down Operation; U.S. SIGINT Prov... DYNAMIC PAGE - HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS C...
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BULLRUN

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated presentation from GCHQ’s PTD (Penetrating Target Defences) unit gives an overview of BULLRUN efforts to defeat encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 BULLRUN PTD Lead for Special Operations and Policy PTD "We penetrate targets' defences." This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information A...
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BULLRUN CoI – Briefing Sheet

Document

Release Date: 2013-09-05
This undated GCHQ document provides a classification guide for BULLRUN – NSA and GCHQ’s attempts to weaken or defeat cryptographic protocols – and specifies some of its achievements: see the ProPublica article Revealed: The NSA’s Secret Campaign to Crack, Undermine Internet Security, 5 September 2013.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT BULLRUN Col - Briefing Sheet Introduction 1. The ability to exploit targets’ encrypted communications is extremely fragile and is often enabled through sensiti...
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Belgacom_connections

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-13
This undated GCHQ screenshot, which appears to be from a map viewer called CARBON ROD, shows the international connections that made Belgacom a desirable target for the agnecy: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
Meteor Mobile Telecommunications bmited ITS Gn\bH; Germ; VO D AF 0 M E_U K_AS N VodaTo ASN-BICS UK PXket Backboj ier Services fBtepmblic- FRANCÍ sipska; Herzei 'elek&miini...
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GCHQ NAC Business Review – January to March 2011

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-13 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This extract from a 2011 GCHQ Network Analysis Centre document details progress in the operation against Belgian telecommunications company Belgacom in the first quarter of 2011: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
Successful MyNOC surge effort against GRX Operators, that enhanced network knowledge of the various operators, their customer sets, knowledge of and access to both encrypted and unencrypted GRX ...
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Making Network Sense of the encryption problem

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-13 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This 2011 presentation by the head of GCHQ’s Network Analysis Centre outlines the agency’s interest in exploiting telecommunications companies, namely to “get at the data before it is encrypted”: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP 2 // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL ------m/\cz NETWORK ^IM^ySIS CSfSJTRe Making Network Sense of the encryption problem Roundtable Head of GCHQ NAC This info...
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What is HACIENDA

Document

Release Date: 2014-08-15
This undated GCHQ presentation describes the agency’s HACIENDA system, capable of port scanning entire countries, which became a standard tool in 2009 available to all FIve Eyes partners: see the Heise article The HACIENDA Program for Internet Colonization, 15 August 2014. <
Abbildung01-dc8cb7bf5376218d.png: What is HACIENDA? • Data reconnaissance tool developed by the CITD team in JTRIG • Port Scans entire countries - Uses nmap as port scanning tool - U...
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OPA~TAS Covert Mobile Phones Policy

Document

Release Date: 2014-08-12 Document Date: 2010-06-28
These GCHQ guidelines from 23 June 2010 describe procedures for operating mobile phones overseas which are not intended to be associated with agency activity: see the Intercept article NPR Is Laundering CIA Talking Points to Make You Scared of NSA Reporting, 12 August 2014.
SECRET Ref: DOT/1636/5040/102 28 June 2010 OPA~TAS Covert Mobile Phones Policy Author: Issue 1.0 Page 1 of 6 SECRET This information is exempt from disclosure under the Fr...
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Classification Guide for SIGINT Material Dating from 16 August 1945 – 31 December 1967

Document

Release Date: 2014-06-18 Document Date: 2011-11-21
This NSA classification guide, dated 21 November 2011, covers signals intelligence material that as to be kept secret for more than the standard 60 years: see the Der Spiegel article The NSA in Germany: Snowden’s Documents Available for Download, 18 June 2014.
TOP SECRET//SjyTK//NOFÜRN NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE (U) CLASSIFICATION GUIDE FOR SIGINT Material Dating from 16 August 1945 *31 December 1967 Effects Dale: 21 De...

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