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1.0

Profiling SSL and Attributing Private Networks

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation introduces the FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY tools: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL PROFILING SSL AND ATTRIBUTING PRIVATE NETWORKS An introduction to FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY ICTR - Network Exploitation GCHQ T R J...
1.0

NIOC Maryland Advanced Computer Network Operations Course

Document

Document Date: 2012-04-18Release Date: 2015-01-17
This April 2012 training presentation produced by Navy Information Operations Command Maryland states that “the next major conflict will start in cyberspace”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
NIOC MARYLAND ADVANCED COMPUTER NETWORK OPERATIONS COURSE Coordinated by -- NAVIOCOM Maryland Center of Excellence for Non-Kinetic Options — 1 SECRET//REL TO USA, / Title • C...
1.0

Coming Soon! A Tool that Enables Non-Linguists to Analyse Foreign-TV News Programs

Document

Document Date: 2008-10-23Release Date: 2015-05-05
This October 2008 article from an NSA internal newsletter SIDToday Enhanced Video Text and Audio Processing (eViTAP), a tool that provides automatic translations of news broadcasts in English, Russian, Spanish, Arabic, Mandarin and Farsi: see the Intercept article The Computers are Listening: How the NSA Converts Spoken Words Into Searchable Text, 5 May 2015. sidtoday-non-linguists-final
(U//FOUO) Coming Soon! A Tool that Enables Non-Linguists to Analyze Foreign-TV News ______________________ Programs FROM: Center for Time-Sensitive Information (S2413) Run Date: 10/23/20...
1.0

Synergising Network Analysis Tradecraft

Document

Document Date: 2012-01-01Release Date: 2015-05-21
This 2012 presentation from the Network Tradecraft Advancement Team (NTAT), a joint Five Eyes surveillance unit, discusses options for installing malware on smartphones in light of the challenge posed by the Arab Spring: see the CBC News article Spy agencies target mobile phones, app stores to implant spyware, 21 May 2015.
Synergising Network Analysis Tradecraft Network Tradecraft Advancement Team (NTAT) Overview TOP SECRET//SI Tradecraft? Tradecraft • “The development of methods, techni...
1.0

Cyber Defence Operations Legal and Policy

Document

Release Date: 2015-09-25
This undated page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki shows that the agency’s usual retention periods for metadata and content can be extended for cyber defence purposes: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
cyber-defence-operations-legal-and-policy-p1-normal.gif: TOP SECRET STRAP 1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate cont...
1.0

NSA Intelligence Relationship with Sweden

Document

Document Date: 2013-04-18Release Date: 2013-12-08
An information paper dated 18 April 2013 describes the close relationship between US, UK and Swedish signals intelligence agencies. A short extract from a second document dated 6 June 2006 emphasises the political sensitivity of the relationship: see the SVT article Dokument avslöjar: FRA:s hemliga avtal med US, 8 December 2013.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN National Security Agency/Central 18 April 2013 Security Service Information Paper (S//REL to USA, FVEY) Subject: NSA Intelligence Relationship with Sweden (...
1.0

Joint SIGINT Activity Annual Report for 2007

Document

Release Date: 2014-06-18
This undated NSA document gives updates on various activities of the US-German Joint SIGINT Activity during 2007: see the Der Spiegel article Snowden-Dokumente: Hier sitzt die NSA in Deutschland, 18 June 2014. jsa
TOP SECRET//COMINT//RELTO USA, FVEY (U//FOUO) TEC Successfully Installs BOTANICREALTY at LADYLOVE (USJ-799) (TS//SI//REL) In response to a request from S2B, MSOC System Development and Sign...
1.0

1999 Agreement between the US and Israel

Document

Document Date: 1999-07-15Release Date: 2014-08-04
This agreement, dated 15 July 1999, includes a preamble describing the development of signals intelligence cooperation between the US and Israel since the 1950s: see the Intercept article Cash, Weapons and Surveillance: the U.S. is a Key Party to Every Israeli Attack, 4 August 2014.
TOP S E C R E T/HVCCO 1. (S) preamblei in 1968 President Johnson and Prime Minister Eshkol agreed that an intelligence exchange would take place between the United States and Israel. This und...
1.0

DAPINO GAMMA Target Personalisation Centres

Document

Document Date: 2011-01-01Release Date: 2015-02-19
This 2011 Wiki page details aspects of GCHQ’s DAPINO GAMMA operation against mobile SIM manufacturer Gemalto: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
[edit] Target Personalisation centres ( non 5 eyes): [edit] France • La Ciotat • Meudon - On outskirts of Paris • PontAudemer [edit] Poland Tczew [edit] Czech Republic [edit]...
1.0

Black Budget – Israel

Document

Document Date: 2012-02-01Release Date: 2013-08-29
These three short extracts from the 2013 Intelligence Community Budget Justification (“the Black Budget”) shows that Israel was seen as a counter-intelligence target: see the Intercept article Netanyahu’s Spying Denials Contradicted by Secret NSA Documents, 25 March 2015.
1Isr-540x258.png: (U> Penetrate Hostile Foreign Intelligence Services (S//NF) The ability to detect and engage foreign intelligence services and non state actors that target U.S. interests is...
1.0

Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

Document

Document Date: 2011-03-10Release Date: 2015-04-02
These extracts from a GCHQ paper dated 10 March 2011 provide an indication of the agency’s ongoing effects (misinformation) and “online HUMINT” operations: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.s
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations PhD Human Systems Group, Information Management ...
1.0

Classified annexes to 2009 White House Cyberspace Policy Review

Document

Document Date: 2009-05-08Release Date: 2015-06-04
These classified annexes to the Obama administration’s Cyberspace Policy Review were not published with the rest of the report in May 2009 and acknowledge that cyber defence initiatives have civil liberties implications: see the New York Times article Hunting for Hackers, N.S.A. Secretly Expands Internet Spying at U.S. Border, 4 June 2015.
SECRET//REL TO FVEY CYBERSPACE POLICY REVIEW (U) Appendix D: Evaluation of the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (U) Presidential Directive NSPD-54/HSPD-23, Cybersecurity P...
1.0

Broadcast/Intenet Radio Exploitation and Analysis

Document

Document Date: 2009-11-06Release Date: 2015-09-25
This GCHQ research paper from 6 November 2009 outlines what kinds of data the agency can extract from internet radio stations and their listenership, grouped by country: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
broadcast-analysis-p1-normal.gif: UK TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY Broadcast/lnternet Radio Exploitation and Analysis 6th November 2009 OPD-NAC Distribution (via email) (ST2) BS...
1.0

Exhibit F

Document

Document Date: 2010-07-16Release Date: 2014-06-30
This document lists the 193 governments, intragovernmental organisations and other entities which the NSA was granted the legal authority to intercept communications “about” for foreign intelligence purposes in August 2010: see the Washington Post article Court gave NSA broad leeway in surveillance, 30 June 2014.
TOP SECRET//NOFORN EXHIBIT F IN THE MATTER OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, FOREIGN FACTIONS Ns?F^yyiG#i 11- ENTITIES, AND FOREIGN-BASED POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS >■,, f;f |:VV DNI/AG 70...
Afghanistan (AFG/AF), Albania (ALB/AL), Algeria (DZA/DZ), Andorra (AND/AD), Angola (AGO/AO), Antigua and Barbuda (ATG/AG), Argentina (ARG/AR), Armenia (ARM/AM), Austria (AUT/AT), Azerbaijan (AZE/AZ), Bahamas (BHS/BS), Bangladesh (BGD/BD), Barbados (BRB/BB), Belarus (BLR/BY), Belgium (BEL/BE), Belize (BLZ/BZ), Benin (BEN/BJ), Bhutan (BTN/BT), Bolivia (BOL/BO), Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH/BA), Botswana (BWA/BW), Brazil (BRA/BR), Bulgaria (BGR/BG), Burkina Faso (BFA/BF), Burundi (BDI/BI), Cambodia (KHM/KH), Cameroon (CMR/CM), Central African Republic (CAF/CF), Chad (TCD/TD), Chile (CHL/CL), China (CHN/CN), Colombia (COL/CO), Comoros (COM/KM), Congo (COD/CD), Costa Rica (CRI/CR), Croatia (HRV/HR), Cuba (CUB/CU), Cyprus (CYP/CY), Czech Republic (CZE/CZ), Denmark (DNK/DK), Djibouti (DJI/DJ), Dominica (DMA/DM), Dominican Republic (DOM/DO), Ecuador (ECU/EC), Egypt (EGY/EG), El Salvador (SLV/SV), Equatorial Guinea (GNQ/GQ), Eritrea (ERI/ER), Estonia (EST/EE), Ethiopia (ETH/ET), Fiji (FJI/FJ), Finland (FIN/FI), France (FRA/FR), Gabon (GAB/GA), Gambia (GMB/GM), Georgia (GEO/GE), Germany (DEU/DE), Ghana (GHA/GH), Greece (GRC/GR), Grenada (GRD/GD), Guatemala (GTM/GT), Guinea (GIN/GN), Guinea-Bissau (GNB/GW), Guyana (GUY/GY), Haiti (HTI/HT), Vatican (VAT/VA), Honduras (HND/HN), Hungary (HUN/HU), Iceland (ISL/IS), India (IND/IN), Indonesia (IDN/ID), Iran (IRN/IR), Iraq (IRQ/IQ), Ireland (IRL/IE), Israel (ISR/IL), Italy (ITA/IT), Jamaica (JAM/JM), Japan (JPN/JP), Jordan (JOR/JO), Kazakhstan (KAZ/KZ), Kenya (KEN/KE), Kiribati (KIR/KI), Korea (KOR/KR), Kuwait (KWT/KW), Kyrgyzstan (KGZ/KG), Latvia (LVA/LV), Lebanon (LBN/LB), Lesotho (LSO/LS), Liberia (LBR/LR), Libya (LBY/LY), Liechtenstein (LIE/LI), Lithuania (LTU/LT), Luxembourg (LUX/LU), Macedonia (MKD/MK), Madagascar (MDG/MG), Malawi (MWI/MW), Malaysia (MYS/MY), Maldives (MDV/MV), Mali (MLI/ML), Malta (MLT/MT), Marshall Islands (MHL/MH), Mauritania (MRT/MR), Mauritius (MUS/MU), Mexico (MEX/MX), Micronesia (FSM/FM), Moldova (MDA/MD), Monaco (MCO/MC), Mongolia (MNG/MN), Montenegro (MNE/ME), Morocco (MAR/MA), Mozambique (MOZ/MZ), Myanmar (MMR/MM), Namibia (NAM/NA), Nauru (NRU/NR), Nepal (NPL/NP), Netherlands (NLD/NL), Nicaragua (NIC/NI), Niger (NER/NE), Nigeria (NGA/NG), Norway (NOR/NO), Oman (OMN/OM), Pakistan (PAK/PK), Palau (PLW/PW), Panama (PAN/PA), Papua New Guinea (PNG/PG), Paraguay (PRY/PY), Peru (PER/PE), Philippines (PHL/PH), Poland (POL/PL), Portugal (PRT/PT), Qatar (QAT/QA), Romania (ROU/RO), Russia (RUS/RU), Rwanda (RWA/RW), Saint Kitts and Nevis (KNA/KN), Saint Lucia (LCA/LC), Samoa (WSM/WS), San Marino (SMR/SM), Sao Tome and Principe (STP/ST), Senegal (SEN/SN), Serbia (SRB/RS), Seychelles (SYC/SC), Sierra Leone (SLE/SL), Singapore (SGP/SG), Slovakia (SVK/SK), Slovenia (SVN/SI), Somalia (SOM/SO), South Africa (ZAF/ZA), Spain (ESP/ES), Sri Lanka (LKA/LK), Sudan (SDN/SD), Suriname (SUR/SR), Swaziland (SWZ/SZ), Sweden (SWE/SE), Switzerland (CHE/CH), Taiwan (TWN/TW), Tajikistan (TJK/TJ), Tanzania (TZA/TZ), Thailand (THA/TH), Timor-Leste (TLS/TL), Togo (TGO/TG), Tonga (TON/TO), Tunisia (TUN/TN), Turkey (TUR/TR), Turkmenistan (TKM/TM), Tuvalu (TUV/TV), Uganda (UGA/UG), Ukraine (UKR/UA), United States (USA/US), Uruguay (URY/UY), Uzbekistan (UZB/UZ), Vanuatu (VUT/VU), Venezuela (VEN/VE), Vietnam (VNM/VN), Western Sahara (ESH/EH), Yemen (YEM/YE), Zambia (ZMB/ZM), Zimbabwe (ZWE/ZW)
1.0

Supporting HMG’s Climate Change Ambitions (… or, “A GCO’s tales from Cancun”)

Document

Document Date: 2011-02-01Release Date: 2014-11-01
This joint GCHQ/MI6 presentation from February 2011 documents the process of international climate change negotiations becoming a “serious intelligence priority” for the UK: see the Dagbladet Information article Snowden documents reveal British climate espionage – Copenhagen climate summit targeted, 1 November 2014.  
GCHQ SECRET INTELLIGENCE SERVICE Supporting HMG’s Climate Change Ambitions (...or, “A GCO’s tales from Cancún”) 27 November - 10 December 2010 GCHQ SECRET INTELLI...
1.0

Bad guys are everywhere, good guys are somewhere!

Document

Release Date: 2014-09-14
This undated NSA presentation sets out the network-mapping tool Treasure Map, and supplies information on some of the agency’s collection access points: see the Intercept article New Zealand Launched Mass Surveillance Project While Publicly Denying It, 15 September 2014.
Bad guys are everywhere, good guys are somewhere! NSA/CSS Threat Operations Center (NTOC) NTOC Technology Development TS//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY (U) NTOC • (U//FOUO) Operates under bot...
1.0

NATO Civilian Intelligence Council – Cyber Panel – Talking Points

Document

Document Date: 2011-09-14Release Date: 2015-02-04
This US National Intelligence Council memo dated 14 September 2011 provides US talking points for a forthcoming NATO meeting and includes the assessment that the threat presented by Anonymous and hacktivist activity is “minimal”: see the Intercept article Western Spy Agencies Secretly Rely on Hackers for Intel and Expertise, 4 February 2015.
SECRET//REL TO USA, NATO NIM/Cyber 14 September 2011 Talking Points Subject: (S//REL NATO) NATO Civilian Intelligence Council—Cyber Panel National Input A. Threat Overview (U) (U...
1.0

An Easy Way to Win: Using SIGINT to Learn about New Viruses (Project Camberdada)

Document

Document Date: 2010-01-01Release Date: 2015-06-22
This 2010 NSA presentation describes Project Camberdada, an attempt to subvert popular antivirus software by means of surveilling email traffic: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL An Eas Using S about P fwmuuuu IGINT to Learn iew Viruses Project CAMBERDADA ByHH, 1412 (IAD) V252|| Derived From: NSA/CSSM...
1.0

Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’S Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

Document

Document Date: 2011-03-22Release Date: 2015-06-22
This 42-page report from 10 March 2011 provides an overview of GCHQ’s information operations unit and the behavioural science theories that underpin its activities: see the Intercept article Controversial GCHQ Unit is Deeply Engaged in Law Enforcement, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations Mandeep K. Dhami, PhD Human Systems Group, Infor...
1.0

Exploiting Foreign Lawful Intercept (LI) Roundtable

Document

Document Date: 2012-01-01Release Date: 2015-09-29
This NSA presentation from 2012 discusses techniques for subverting “lawful intercept” systems used abroad: see the Intercept article A Death in Athens: Did a Rogue NSA Operation Cause the Death of a Greek Telecom Employee?, 29 September 2015.
2012-lawful-intercept-redacted2-p1-normal.gif: TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY (S//SI//REL) Exploiting Foreign Lawful Intercept (LI) Roundtable S31122 TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY...
1.0

2013 Intelligence Community budget justification

Document

Document Date: 2012-02-01Release Date: 2013-08-29
Congressional Budget Justification summary for fiscal year 2013 from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI): see the Washington Post article U.S. spy network’s successes, failures and objectives detailed in ‘black budget’ summary, 29 August 2013.
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN FY 2013 Congressional Budget Justification Volume I NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM SUMMARY February 2012 TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN TOP SECRET//SI/TK//...
1.0

Visit Precis: SWEDUSA

Document

Release Date: 2013-12-11
This briefing document, produced ahead of the SWEDUSA Strategic Planning Conference of 24-26 April, outlines General Keith Alexander’s talking points for the event: see the SVT article FRA part of top-secret hacker project, 11 December 2013.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN VISIT PRÉCIS SWEDUSA 2013 STRATEGIC PLANNING CONFERENCE (SPC) MR. INGVAR ÀKESSON DIRECTOR GENERAL FORSVARETS RADIOANSTALT (FRA) SWEDEN 24-26 APRIL 2013 ...
1.0

NSA’s Oldest Third Party SIGINT Partnership

Document

Document Date: 2005-10-07Release Date: 2014-08-31
This October 2005 article, taken from the internal NSA newsletter Foreign Affairs Digest, provides a brief history of the agency’s past and current relationship with its Turkish counterparts, which includes a staff of 40 NSA employees stationed in Ankara: see the Intercept article How the NSA Helped Turkey Kill Kurdish Rebels, 31 August 2014. Download […]
dynamic: page - HIGHEST possible classification js TOP SECRET // SI tTK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL (U) NS As Oldest Third Party SJGJNT Partnership Countiy Desk Officer (CiDO) Turkey R...
1.0

Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process

Document

Document Date: 2010-09-13Release Date: 2014-12-28
This 13 September 2010 presentation from the NSA’s OTP VPN Exploitation Team explains the work of the division: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process OTP VPN Exploitation Team S31176 September 13, 2010 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, G...
1.0

Cable Master List

Document

Document Date: 2009-07-27Release Date: 2014-11-25
These July 2009 documents provide a full list of the fibre-optic cables GCHQ had access to at that point, including details of location, bandwidth and corporate partners: see the Süddeutsche Zeitung article Snowden-Leaks: How Vodafone-Subsidiary Cable & Wireless Aided GCHQ’s Spying Efforts, 25 November 2014. […]
partner_cables.pdf:  Partner Cable UK? REMEDY GERONTIC DACRON LITTLE PINNAGE STREET CAR VITREOUS Apolo UK IRU/LC DCO IRU/LC IRU/LC IRU/LC CANTAT 3 UK DCO IRU/LC Concerto UK D...
1.0

Quadrennial Intelligence Community Review Final Report, April 2009

Document

Document Date: 2009-04-01Release Date: 2014-09-05
This April 2009 report from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence considers the challenges the US intelligence community may face by 2025 and suggests that the competitive advantage of US firms may need to be supported by espionage: see the Intercept article The U.S. Government’s Secret Plans to Spy for American Corporations, 5 […]
SECRET//REL T FINAL REPORT '¿[\ns »' National Intelligenc Derived From: ODNI POL-08 Declassify On: 20340306 □ SECRET//REL TO USA, FVEY FINAL REPORT April 2009 □ SECR...
1.0

ISA-94: Application for renewal of warrant GPW/1160 in respect of activities which involve the modification of commercial software

Document

Document Date: 2008-06-13Release Date: 2015-06-22
This GCHQ application for warrant renewal from June 2008 shows that the agency has been engaged in the reverse engineering of commercial antivirus software for the purposes of facilitating its hacking operations: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP2 UK EYES ONLY Date: 13 June 2008 GCHQ Reference: A/9014/9105/55 Sian MacLeod Mariot Leslie Foreign Secretary ISA-94: APPLICATION FOR RENEWAL OF WARRANT GPW/1160 IN...
1.0

GCHQ Ministry Stakeholder Relationships spreadsheets

Document

Document Date: 2008-01-01Release Date: 2015-06-22
This collection of 13 spreadsheets illustrates the relationship between GCHQ and various ministries within the UK government and that agency’s work is by no means restricted to matters of national security, but also extends to domestic issues: see the Intercept article Controversial GCHQ Unit Engaged in Domestic Law Enforcement, Online Propaganda, Psychology Research, 22 June […]
 Bank of England GCO Name(s) 3CHQ Top level Aim with Customer BANK MISSION Contribute to Bank decision-making on issues affecting UK economic stability. To support UK economic stability. ...
1.0

XKEYSCORE for Counter-CNE

Document

Document Date: 2011-03-01Release Date: 2015-07-01
This NSA presentation from March 2011 discusses the use of the XKeyScore tool for countering foreign CNE attacks: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
xks-for-counter-cne-p1-normal.gif: TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY Using the XKS CNE dataset and a DISGRUNTLEDDUCK fingerprint, we now see at least 21 TAO boxes with evidence of this in...
1.0

HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book

Document

Document Date: 2011-09-20Release Date: 2016-02-02
This GCHQ research report dated 20 September 2011, cowritten by researchers at Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research based at the University of Bristol, concerns the use of data mining techniques to develop usable intelligence as well as the contradictions that arise from the use of algorithms to identify wrong doers, or potential wrong doers. The […]
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT AUS/CAN/NZ/UK/US EYES ONLY Reference: OPC-M/TECH.A/455 (v1.0, r206) Date: 20 September 2011 Copy no: HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book OPC-MCR, G...

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