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HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book

Document

Release Date: 2016-02-02 Document Date: 2011-09-20
This GCHQ research report dated 20 September 2011, cowritten by researchers at Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research based at the University of Bristol, concerns the use of data mining techniques to develop usable intelligence as well as the contradictions that arise from the use of algorithms to identify wrong doers, or potential wrong doers. The […]
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT AUS/CAN/NZ/UK/US EYES ONLY Reference: OPC-M/TECH.A/455 (v1.0, r206) Date: 20 September 2011 Copy no: HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book OPC-MCR, G...
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Assessment of Intelligence Opportunity – Juniper

Document

Release Date: 2015-12-23 Document Date: 2011-02-03
This GCHQ report dated 3 February 2011 and written by a seconded NSA staff member, alludes to the agencies’ capabilities against 13 models of firewalls produced by Juniper Networks, Inc: see the Intercept article NSA Helped British Spies Find Security Holes In Juniper Firewalls, 23 December 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 ASSESSMENT OF INTELLIGENCE OPPORTUNITY - JUNIPER 03 February 2011 Executive Summary Background • Juniper Networks, Inc. headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, USA is...
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DEFIANTWARRIOR and the NSA’s Use of Bots

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2010-05-24
This 24 May 2010 NSA presentation describes the ways the agency uses botnets (“bot herding”): see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY DEFIANTWARRIO R 7 / //and the ; NSA's Uè^ojÆotá/ Overall Classification: TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY Current As Of: 24 May 2010 Derived From: NSA/CSS...
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PCS Harvesting at Scale

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-19 Document Date: 2010-04-27
This April 2010 GCHQ report proposes an automated approach to seizing large numbers of mobile phone encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Reference: OPC-TDSD/TECH/21 Date: 27th April 2010 PCS Harvesting at Scale (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-CAP) (OPC-TDSD) Summary This report explores the ...
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ISA-94: Application for renewal of warrant GPW/1160 in respect of activities which involve the modification of commercial software

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2008-06-13
This GCHQ application for warrant renewal from June 2008 shows that the agency has been engaged in the reverse engineering of commercial antivirus software for the purposes of facilitating its hacking operations: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP2 UK EYES ONLY Date: 13 June 2008 GCHQ Reference: A/9014/9105/55 Sian MacLeod Mariot Leslie Foreign Secretary ISA-94: APPLICATION FOR RENEWAL OF WARRANT GPW/1160 IN...
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HTTP Activity in XKEYSCORE

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01 Document Date: 2009-03-01
This NSA presentation from March 2009 explains how agency analysts can exploit HTTP data through XKeyScore: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 HTTP Activity in XKEYSCORE March 2009 Derived From: NSA/QSSM 1-52 Dated: 200701 (T Declassify On: 202911 ...
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QUANTUMTHEORY success at SARATOGA

Document

Release Date: 2016-08-19 Document Date: 2011-04-15
This 15 April 2011 article from the NSA’s internal newsletter Special Source Operations News discusses the delivery of malware to a target in Pakistan while they were using Facebook: see the Intercept article The NSA Leak is Real, Snowden Documents Confirm, 19 August 2016.
(TS//SI//NF) DGO Enables Endpoint Implants via QUANTUMTHEORY By [[REDACTED]] on 2011-09-26 1548 (TS//SI//NF) In another example of the emerging collaboration between the Endpoint and Midpoint ...
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SIGINT Development Support II Program Management Review

Document

Release Date: 2016-08-19 Document Date: 2013-04-24
Four slides taken from a 24 April 2013 NSA presentation detail how SECONDDATE man-in-the-middle attacks were used against targets in Pakistan and Lebanon: see the Intercept article The NSA Leak is Real, Snowden Documents Confirm, 19 August 2016.
TOP SECRET//SI//NOFORN The overall classification of this brief is (U) SIGINT Development Support II Program Management Review ► 24 April 2013 TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN Derived Fro...
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Classification Guide for SIGINT Material Dating from 16 August 1945 – 31 December 1967

Document

Release Date: 2014-06-18 Document Date: 2011-11-21
This NSA classification guide, dated 21 November 2011, covers signals intelligence material that as to be kept secret for more than the standard 60 years: see the Der Spiegel article The NSA in Germany: Snowden’s Documents Available for Download, 18 June 2014.
TOP SECRET//SjyTK//NOFÜRN NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE (U) CLASSIFICATION GUIDE FOR SIGINT Material Dating from 16 August 1945 *31 December 1967 Effects Dale: 21 De...
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Black Budget entry on Computer Network Operations GENIE project

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17 Document Date: 2012-02-18
This extract from the US Intelligence Community’s Congressional Budget Justification for the Fiscal Year 2013 (the “Black Budget”) provides the budget for GENIE the project “which underpins NSA/CSS’ Computer Network Operations (CNO) Endpoint capabilities conducted by the Tailored Access Operations (TAO) Group: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for […]
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN (U) COMPUTER NETWORK OPERATIONS (U) GENIE This Exhibit is SECRET//NOFORN FY 20111 Actual FY 2012 Enacted FY 2013 Request FY 2012 - FY 2013 Base...
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Profiling SSL and Attributing Private Networks

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation introduces the FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY tools: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL PROFILING SSL AND ATTRIBUTING PRIVATE NETWORKS An introduction to FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY ICTR - Network Exploitation GCHQ T R J...
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FININT Tasking

Document

Release Date: 2017-09-23 Document Date: 2012-04-24
This page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki, dated 24 April 2012 describes procedures for searching through financial data retained by the agency, and cites examples of some of its sources: see the Intercept article Airport Police Demanded An Activist’s Passwords. He Refused. Now He Faces Prison In The UK, 23 September 2017.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. For GCWiki help contact: webteam RUSSETT Support pag...
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Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-02 Document Date: 2011-03-10
These extracts from a GCHQ paper dated 10 March 2011 provide an indication of the agency’s ongoing effects (misinformation) and “online HUMINT” operations: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.s
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations PhD Human Systems Group, Information Management ...
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SIGINT Analysts: In-flight GSM Is No Joke

Document

Release Date: 2016-12-07 Document Date: 2010-05-18
This 18 May 2010 article from the NSA internal newsletter SIDToday outlines how the agency is reacting to the growth of mobile phone services on board commercial aircraft: see the Intercept article American and British Spy Agencies Targeted In-flight Mobile Phone Use, 7 December 2016.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//RELTO USA, FVEY \\ (U//FOUO) In-Flight GSM S32423/S3T1 The overall classification of this briefing is TOP SECRET//COMTNT//REI, TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVE...
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EP-3E Collision: Cryptologic Damage Assessment and Incident Review

Document

Release Date: 2017-04-10 Document Date: 2001-07-01
A joint US Navy and NSA report, prepared three months after a US spy plane was forced to crash land in China, assesses the degree to which surveillance secrets were compromised: see the Intercept article Burn After Reading: Snowden Documents Reveal Scope of Secrets Exposed to China in 2001 Spy Plane Incident, 10 April 2017. […]
TOP SECRET//COMINT//NOFORN//X1 EP-3E Collision: Cryptologic Damage Assessment and Incident Review Final Report Prepared by the EP-3 Cryptologic Assessment Team July 2001 Classifie...
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Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’S Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2011-03-22
This 42-page report from 10 March 2011 provides an overview of GCHQ’s information operations unit and the behavioural science theories that underpin its activities: see the Intercept article Controversial GCHQ Unit is Deeply Engaged in Law Enforcement, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations Mandeep K. Dhami, PhD Human Systems Group, Infor...
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Black Budget – Human Language Technology Research

Document

Release Date: 2015-05-05 Document Date: 2013-01-01
This extract from the 2013 Intelligence Community Budget Justification (“the Black Budget”) outlines the budget for speech recognition technologies: see the Intercept article The Computers are Listening: How the NSA Converts Spoken Words Into Searchable Text, 5 May 2015.
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 360 TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN (U) RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY (U) HUMAN LANGUAGE TECHNOLOGY RESEARC...
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Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2010-09-13
This 13 September 2010 presentation from the NSA’s OTP VPN Exploitation Team explains the work of the division: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process OTP VPN Exploitation Team S31176 September 13, 2010 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, G...
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Exhibit F

Document

Release Date: 2014-06-30 Document Date: 2010-07-16
This document lists the 193 governments, intragovernmental organisations and other entities which the NSA was granted the legal authority to intercept communications “about” for foreign intelligence purposes in August 2010: see the Washington Post article Court gave NSA broad leeway in surveillance, 30 June 2014.
TOP SECRET//NOFORN EXHIBIT F IN THE MATTER OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, FOREIGN FACTIONS Ns?F^yyiG#i 11- ENTITIES, AND FOREIGN-BASED POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS >■,, f;f |:VV DNI/AG 70...
Afghanistan (AFG/AF), Albania (ALB/AL), Algeria (DZA/DZ), Andorra (AND/AD), Angola (AGO/AO), Antigua and Barbuda (ATG/AG), Argentina (ARG/AR), Armenia (ARM/AM), Austria (AUT/AT), Azerbaijan (AZE/AZ), Bahamas (BHS/BS), Bangladesh (BGD/BD), Barbados (BRB/BB), Belarus (BLR/BY), Belgium (BEL/BE), Belize (BLZ/BZ), Benin (BEN/BJ), Bhutan (BTN/BT), Bolivia (BOL/BO), Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH/BA), Botswana (BWA/BW), Brazil (BRA/BR), Bulgaria (BGR/BG), Burkina Faso (BFA/BF), Burundi (BDI/BI), Cambodia (KHM/KH), Cameroon (CMR/CM), Central African Republic (CAF/CF), Chad (TCD/TD), Chile (CHL/CL), China (CHN/CN), Colombia (COL/CO), Comoros (COM/KM), Congo (COD/CD), Costa Rica (CRI/CR), Croatia (HRV/HR), Cuba (CUB/CU), Cyprus (CYP/CY), Czech Republic (CZE/CZ), Denmark (DNK/DK), Djibouti (DJI/DJ), Dominica (DMA/DM), Dominican Republic (DOM/DO), Ecuador (ECU/EC), Egypt (EGY/EG), El Salvador (SLV/SV), Equatorial Guinea (GNQ/GQ), Eritrea (ERI/ER), Estonia (EST/EE), Ethiopia (ETH/ET), Fiji (FJI/FJ), Finland (FIN/FI), France (FRA/FR), Gabon (GAB/GA), Gambia (GMB/GM), Georgia (GEO/GE), Germany (DEU/DE), Ghana (GHA/GH), Greece (GRC/GR), Grenada (GRD/GD), Guatemala (GTM/GT), Guinea (GIN/GN), Guinea-Bissau (GNB/GW), Guyana (GUY/GY), Haiti (HTI/HT), Vatican (VAT/VA), Honduras (HND/HN), Hungary (HUN/HU), Iceland (ISL/IS), India (IND/IN), Indonesia (IDN/ID), Iran (IRN/IR), Iraq (IRQ/IQ), Ireland (IRL/IE), Israel (ISR/IL), Italy (ITA/IT), Jamaica (JAM/JM), Japan (JPN/JP), Jordan (JOR/JO), Kazakhstan (KAZ/KZ), Kenya (KEN/KE), Kiribati (KIR/KI), Korea (KOR/KR), Kuwait (KWT/KW), Kyrgyzstan (KGZ/KG), Latvia (LVA/LV), Lebanon (LBN/LB), Lesotho (LSO/LS), Liberia (LBR/LR), Libya (LBY/LY), Liechtenstein (LIE/LI), Lithuania (LTU/LT), Luxembourg (LUX/LU), Macedonia (MKD/MK), Madagascar (MDG/MG), Malawi (MWI/MW), Malaysia (MYS/MY), Maldives (MDV/MV), Mali (MLI/ML), Malta (MLT/MT), Marshall Islands (MHL/MH), Mauritania (MRT/MR), Mauritius (MUS/MU), Mexico (MEX/MX), Micronesia (FSM/FM), Moldova (MDA/MD), Monaco (MCO/MC), Mongolia (MNG/MN), Montenegro (MNE/ME), Morocco (MAR/MA), Mozambique (MOZ/MZ), Myanmar (MMR/MM), Namibia (NAM/NA), Nauru (NRU/NR), Nepal (NPL/NP), Netherlands (NLD/NL), Nicaragua (NIC/NI), Niger (NER/NE), Nigeria (NGA/NG), Norway (NOR/NO), Oman (OMN/OM), Pakistan (PAK/PK), Palau (PLW/PW), Panama (PAN/PA), Papua New Guinea (PNG/PG), Paraguay (PRY/PY), Peru (PER/PE), Philippines (PHL/PH), Poland (POL/PL), Portugal (PRT/PT), Qatar (QAT/QA), Romania (ROU/RO), Russia (RUS/RU), Rwanda (RWA/RW), Saint Kitts and Nevis (KNA/KN), Saint Lucia (LCA/LC), Samoa (WSM/WS), San Marino (SMR/SM), Sao Tome and Principe (STP/ST), Senegal (SEN/SN), Serbia (SRB/RS), Seychelles (SYC/SC), Sierra Leone (SLE/SL), Singapore (SGP/SG), Slovakia (SVK/SK), Slovenia (SVN/SI), Somalia (SOM/SO), South Africa (ZAF/ZA), Spain (ESP/ES), Sri Lanka (LKA/LK), Sudan (SDN/SD), Suriname (SUR/SR), Swaziland (SWZ/SZ), Sweden (SWE/SE), Switzerland (CHE/CH), Taiwan (TWN/TW), Tajikistan (TJK/TJ), Tanzania (TZA/TZ), Thailand (THA/TH), Timor-Leste (TLS/TL), Togo (TGO/TG), Tonga (TON/TO), Tunisia (TUN/TN), Turkey (TUR/TR), Turkmenistan (TKM/TM), Tuvalu (TUV/TV), Uganda (UGA/UG), Ukraine (UKR/UA), United States (USA/US), Uruguay (URY/UY), Uzbekistan (UZB/UZ), Vanuatu (VUT/VU), Venezuela (VEN/VE), Vietnam (VNM/VN), Western Sahara (ESH/EH), Yemen (YEM/YE), Zambia (ZMB/ZM), Zimbabwe (ZWE/ZW)
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SKYNET: Courier Detection via Machine Learning

Document

Release Date: 2015-05-08 Document Date: 2012-06-05
This NSA presentation from 5 June 2012 introduces SKYNET, a tool for detecting patterns in bulk phone metadata: see the Intercept article U.S. Government Designated Prominent Al Jazeera Journalist as “Member of Al Qaeda”, 8 May 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY SKYNET: Courier Detection via Machine Learning I, R66F/JHU R66F R66F T1211 |, T1211 S2I51 S2I5/TD June 5, 2012 TOP SECRET//COMINT/...
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HTTP Activity vs. User Activity

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01 Document Date: 2009-06-19
This NSA presentation from 19 June 2009 explains the metadata capabilities of XKeyScore: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL m V HTTP Activity vs User Activity 19 June 2009 Derived From: NSA/CSSM 1-52 Bated :l2007i MM TOP SEC...
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NSA Intelligence Relationship with New Zealand

Document

Release Date: 2015-03-10 Document Date: 2013-04-01
This NSA information paper from April 2013 describes the state of the agency’s intelligence relationship with its New Zealand counterpart: see the New Zealand Herald article NZ’s spy reach stretches across globe, 11 March 2015.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY National Security Agency April 2013 Central Security Service Information Paper (U) Subject: NSA Intelligence Relationship with New Zealand (U) Execu...
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CRISSCROSS/PROTON

Document

Release Date: 2014-08-25 Document Date: 2006-02-26
This NSA Point Paper dated 22 February 2006 provides a history of the CRISSCROSS and PROTON information sharing systems that preceded ICREACH: see the Intercept article The Surveillance Engine: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google, 25 August 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//ORCON/NOFORN//MR POINT PAPER SUBJECT: CRISSCROSS/PROTON PURPOSE: Provide DIRNSA information on subject. BACKGROUND: 22 Feb 06 (U) History of CRISSCROSS/PROTON...
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Doing SIGINT in Pakistan

Document

Release Date: 2017-04-24 Document Date: 2004-11-10
A SID intern from the Pakistan Branch was deployed to work at Special Collection Service sites in Islamabad and Lahore. He played a part in tracking a terrorist target captured in August 2004 and worked on leads related to threats on the U.S. Embassy.
DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS<br>TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL <br><br>(S//SI) Doing SIGINT in Pakistan<br>FROM:<br>Intelligence Analysis Intern<br>Run Da...
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Full Log vs. HTTP

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01 Document Date: 2009-06-11
This NSA presentation from 11 June 2009 explains the scope of metadata collection within XKeyScore: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 Log vs. HTTP 11 June 2009 * WHv:i DERIV TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 TOP SECRET//...
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Finding and Querying on Document Metadata

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01 Document Date: 2009-04-01
This NSA presentation from April 2009 explains how analysts can make use of document metadata available through XKeyScore, together with worked examples and screenshots: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20291123 Finding and Querying on Document Metadata tooz|/ 1 Booz|Allen| Hamilton Sigint Development Support / SIGINT Technica...
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In-Flight GSM

Document

Release Date: 2016-12-07 Document Date: 2009-01-01
This 2009 NSA presentation, based on an internal agency newsletter article from 20 March that year, describes the growth in airlines offering onboard mobile phone services, which the Agency had alreadyu been actively collecting for at least a year: see the Intercept article American and British Spy Agencies Targeted In-flight Mobile Phone Use, 7 December […]
TOP SECRET//COMINT//RELTO USA, FVEY \\ (U//FOUO) In-Flight GSM S32423/S3T1 The overall classification of this briefing is TOP SECRET//COMTNT//REI, TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVE...
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DGO Enables Endpoint Implants via QUANTUMTHEORY

Document

Release Date: 2016-08-19 Document Date: 2011-09-26
This 26 September 2011 article from the NSA’s internal newsletter Special Source Operations News discusses the delivery of QUANTUMINSERT malware to a target in Pakistan: see the Intercept article The NSA Leak is Real, Snowden Documents Confirm, 19 August 2016.
(TS//SI//NF) DGO Enables Endpoint Implants via QUANTUMTHEORY By [[REDACTED]] on 2011-09-26 1548 (TS//SI//NF) In another example of the emerging collaboration between the Endpoint and Midpoint ...
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Voice/Fax User Group Minutes of March 2009 meeting

Document

Release Date: 2018-01-19 Document Date: 2009-04-21
These GCHQ minutes from March 2009 discuss the deployment of BROADOAK voice recognition systems in the Middle East against Saudi, Pakistani, Georgian, and Iraqi leaders, among others: see the Intercept article Finding Your Voice, 19 January 2018.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 21 April 2009 VOICE/FAX USER GROUP Minutes of March 2009 meeting 1. B14/MCS update (courtesy of MCS work this month has been almost entirely updates to existing model...
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SIGINT Contribution to Operation CREVICE

Document

Release Date: 2016-12-07 Document Date: 2004-04-19
NSA SIGINT contributed intelligence that was key to thwarting an al Qaeda-linked attack in the U.K. in March 2004.
DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS<br>TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL <br><br>(S//SI) SIGINT Contribution to Operation CREVICE<br>FROM: <br>UK Liaison Team<br>Ru...

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