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1.0

Cyber Integration “The art of the possible”

Document

Document Date: 2012-01-01Release Date: 2014-02-07
This GCHQ presentation, given to the 2012 SigDev Conference by a representatives of the Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group (JTRIG) and Cyber Defence Operations (CDO) describes how JTRIG attempts to “deny, disrupt, degrade and deceive” its targets. Speaker notes are included: see the NBC News article Snowden Docs: British Spies Used Sex and ‘Dirty […]
A NBC NEWS INVESTIGATIONS investigations.nbcnews.com The Snowden Files: British Spies Used Sex and 'Dirty Tricks' Slideshow No. 1 GCHQ, the British signals intelligence agency, prepared ...
1.0

Draft NSA Inspector General’s report on STELLARWIND

Document

Document Date: 2009-01-01Release Date: 2014-03-12
This draft report from 2009 sheds light on the legal reasoning behind the FISA Court’s 2007 Large Content order, which allowed warrantless wiretapping to continue: see the New York Times article How a Court Secretly Evolved, Extending U.S. Spies’ Reach, 12 March 2014.
TOP SECRET//STL W//COMINT/ORCON/NOFORN ST-09-0002 WORKING DRAFT OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE 24 March 2009 (U) TABLE OF CONTENTS ...
1.0

Starting Up a New Mission at the European Security Operations Center: End-to-End Sigint

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Document Date: 2007-12-05Release Date: 2014-06-18
This internal NSA post from 5 December 2007 describes one official’s experiences at the European Security Operations Center (ESOC) at Darmstadt, Germany: see the Der Spiegel article Terrorverdächtige: NSA nutzte Erkenntnisse aus Deutschland-Filiale für Tötungen, 15 June 2014.
(S//SI//REL) Starting Up a New Mission at the European Security Operations Center: End-to-End SIGINT FROM Intelligence Analysis Intern Run Date; 12/05/2007 (S//SI//REL) When considering...
1.0

Black Budget entry on Computer Network Operations GENIE project

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Document Date: 2012-02-18Release Date: 2015-01-17
This extract from the US Intelligence Community’s Congressional Budget Justification for the Fiscal Year 2013 (the “Black Budget”) provides the budget for GENIE the project “which underpins NSA/CSS’ Computer Network Operations (CNO) Endpoint capabilities conducted by the Tailored Access Operations (TAO) Group: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for […]
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN (U) COMPUTER NETWORK OPERATIONS (U) GENIE This Exhibit is SECRET//NOFORN FY 20111 Actual FY 2012 Enacted FY 2013 Request FY 2012 - FY 2013 Base...
1.0

Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

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Document Date: 2011-03-10Release Date: 2015-04-02
These extracts from a GCHQ paper dated 10 March 2011 provide an indication of the agency’s ongoing effects (misinformation) and “online HUMINT” operations: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.s
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations PhD Human Systems Group, Information Management ...
1.0

Broadcast/Intenet Radio Exploitation and Analysis

Document

Document Date: 2009-11-06Release Date: 2015-09-25
This GCHQ research paper from 6 November 2009 outlines what kinds of data the agency can extract from internet radio stations and their listenership, grouped by country: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
broadcast-analysis-p1-normal.gif: UK TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL FVEY Broadcast/lnternet Radio Exploitation and Analysis 6th November 2009 OPD-NAC Distribution (via email) (ST2) BS...
1.0

Tailored Access Operations – Texas Cryptologic Center

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Release Date: 2013-12-29
This NSA presentation describes the staffing and activities of the Tailored Access Operations sectio based in San Antonia Texas. These included operations against Mexico’s Secretariat of Public Security (codenamed WHITETAMALE), Cuba, Columbia, Venezuela and unspecified targets in the Middle East: see the Der Spiegel article Inside TAO: Documents Reveal Top NSA Hacking Unit, 29 December […]
image-584021-galleryV9-yenq.jpg: image-584022-galleryV9-qplk.jpg: TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY Overview • Current People, Space, & Operations (FY2009) • Medina era Growth (FY20...
1.0

Shotgiant

Document

Document Date: 2010-01-01Release Date: 2014-03-22
Selected slides, some with speaking notes, drawn from a 2010 NSA presention, describe the aims of the agency’s operations against Chinese company Huawei: see the New York Times article N.S.A. Breached Chinese Servers Seen as Security Threat, 22 March 2014.
(U) Why We Care (TS//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY) S2 - many of our targets communicate over Huawei produced products (TS//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY) S3 - design, deployment & market expansion imp...
1.0

Exhibit F

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Document Date: 2010-07-16Release Date: 2014-06-30
This document lists the 193 governments, intragovernmental organisations and other entities which the NSA was granted the legal authority to intercept communications “about” for foreign intelligence purposes in August 2010: see the Washington Post article Court gave NSA broad leeway in surveillance, 30 June 2014.
TOP SECRET//NOFORN EXHIBIT F IN THE MATTER OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, FOREIGN FACTIONS Ns?F^yyiG#i 11- ENTITIES, AND FOREIGN-BASED POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS >■,, f;f |:VV DNI/AG 70...
Afghanistan (AFG/AF), Albania (ALB/AL), Algeria (DZA/DZ), Andorra (AND/AD), Angola (AGO/AO), Antigua and Barbuda (ATG/AG), Argentina (ARG/AR), Armenia (ARM/AM), Austria (AUT/AT), Azerbaijan (AZE/AZ), Bahamas (BHS/BS), Bangladesh (BGD/BD), Barbados (BRB/BB), Belarus (BLR/BY), Belgium (BEL/BE), Belize (BLZ/BZ), Benin (BEN/BJ), Bhutan (BTN/BT), Bolivia (BOL/BO), Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH/BA), Botswana (BWA/BW), Brazil (BRA/BR), Bulgaria (BGR/BG), Burkina Faso (BFA/BF), Burundi (BDI/BI), Cambodia (KHM/KH), Cameroon (CMR/CM), Central African Republic (CAF/CF), Chad (TCD/TD), Chile (CHL/CL), China (CHN/CN), Colombia (COL/CO), Comoros (COM/KM), Congo (COD/CD), Costa Rica (CRI/CR), Croatia (HRV/HR), Cuba (CUB/CU), Cyprus (CYP/CY), Czech Republic (CZE/CZ), Denmark (DNK/DK), Djibouti (DJI/DJ), Dominica (DMA/DM), Dominican Republic (DOM/DO), Ecuador (ECU/EC), Egypt (EGY/EG), El Salvador (SLV/SV), Equatorial Guinea (GNQ/GQ), Eritrea (ERI/ER), Estonia (EST/EE), Ethiopia (ETH/ET), Fiji (FJI/FJ), Finland (FIN/FI), France (FRA/FR), Gabon (GAB/GA), Gambia (GMB/GM), Georgia (GEO/GE), Germany (DEU/DE), Ghana (GHA/GH), Greece (GRC/GR), Grenada (GRD/GD), Guatemala (GTM/GT), Guinea (GIN/GN), Guinea-Bissau (GNB/GW), Guyana (GUY/GY), Haiti (HTI/HT), Vatican (VAT/VA), Honduras (HND/HN), Hungary (HUN/HU), Iceland (ISL/IS), India (IND/IN), Indonesia (IDN/ID), Iran (IRN/IR), Iraq (IRQ/IQ), Ireland (IRL/IE), Israel (ISR/IL), Italy (ITA/IT), Jamaica (JAM/JM), Japan (JPN/JP), Jordan (JOR/JO), Kazakhstan (KAZ/KZ), Kenya (KEN/KE), Kiribati (KIR/KI), Korea (KOR/KR), Kuwait (KWT/KW), Kyrgyzstan (KGZ/KG), Latvia (LVA/LV), Lebanon (LBN/LB), Lesotho (LSO/LS), Liberia (LBR/LR), Libya (LBY/LY), Liechtenstein (LIE/LI), Lithuania (LTU/LT), Luxembourg (LUX/LU), Macedonia (MKD/MK), Madagascar (MDG/MG), Malawi (MWI/MW), Malaysia (MYS/MY), Maldives (MDV/MV), Mali (MLI/ML), Malta (MLT/MT), Marshall Islands (MHL/MH), Mauritania (MRT/MR), Mauritius (MUS/MU), Mexico (MEX/MX), Micronesia (FSM/FM), Moldova (MDA/MD), Monaco (MCO/MC), Mongolia (MNG/MN), Montenegro (MNE/ME), Morocco (MAR/MA), Mozambique (MOZ/MZ), Myanmar (MMR/MM), Namibia (NAM/NA), Nauru (NRU/NR), Nepal (NPL/NP), Netherlands (NLD/NL), Nicaragua (NIC/NI), Niger (NER/NE), Nigeria (NGA/NG), Norway (NOR/NO), Oman (OMN/OM), Pakistan (PAK/PK), Palau (PLW/PW), Panama (PAN/PA), Papua New Guinea (PNG/PG), Paraguay (PRY/PY), Peru (PER/PE), Philippines (PHL/PH), Poland (POL/PL), Portugal (PRT/PT), Qatar (QAT/QA), Romania (ROU/RO), Russia (RUS/RU), Rwanda (RWA/RW), Saint Kitts and Nevis (KNA/KN), Saint Lucia (LCA/LC), Samoa (WSM/WS), San Marino (SMR/SM), Sao Tome and Principe (STP/ST), Senegal (SEN/SN), Serbia (SRB/RS), Seychelles (SYC/SC), Sierra Leone (SLE/SL), Singapore (SGP/SG), Slovakia (SVK/SK), Slovenia (SVN/SI), Somalia (SOM/SO), South Africa (ZAF/ZA), Spain (ESP/ES), Sri Lanka (LKA/LK), Sudan (SDN/SD), Suriname (SUR/SR), Swaziland (SWZ/SZ), Sweden (SWE/SE), Switzerland (CHE/CH), Taiwan (TWN/TW), Tajikistan (TJK/TJ), Tanzania (TZA/TZ), Thailand (THA/TH), Timor-Leste (TLS/TL), Togo (TGO/TG), Tonga (TON/TO), Tunisia (TUN/TN), Turkey (TUR/TR), Turkmenistan (TKM/TM), Tuvalu (TUV/TV), Uganda (UGA/UG), Ukraine (UKR/UA), United States (USA/US), Uruguay (URY/UY), Uzbekistan (UZB/UZ), Vanuatu (VUT/VU), Venezuela (VEN/VE), Vietnam (VNM/VN), Western Sahara (ESH/EH), Yemen (YEM/YE), Zambia (ZMB/ZM), Zimbabwe (ZWE/ZW)
1.0

NSA Intelligence Relationship with Germany – Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND)

Document

Document Date: 2013-01-17Release Date: 2014-06-18
This internal NSA briefing dated 17 January 2013 describes the current state of the US-German intelligence relationship and mentions that “The BND has been working to influence the German Government to relax interpretation of the privacy laws over the long term to provide greater opportunity for intelligence sharing”: see the Der Spiegel article New NSA […]
TOP SECRET//S1//NOFORN National Security Agency/Central Security Service Information Paper 17 January 2013 Subject: (StfREL TO USA, FVEY} NS A Intelligence Relationship with Germany - B...
1.0

SIGINT Helps Hobble the Taleban by Cutting Off Their Livelihood

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Document Date: 2009-02-03Release Date: 2014-12-28
A post from the internal NSA newsletter SIDToday shows that, as of 2008, “narcotics traffickers were added to the Joint Prioritized Effects List (JPEL) for the first time”: see the Der Spiegel article Obama’s Lists: A Dubious History of Targeted Killings in Afghanistan, 28 December 2014.
SIDToday - SIGINT Helps Hobble the Taleban by Cutting Off Their Livelihood DYNAMIC PAGE - HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL • SIDtodav A...
1.0

To Nab Afghan Nemesis, German Forces Launch Rare Take-Down Operation; US SIGINT Provides Key Support

Document

Document Date: 2009-06-12Release Date: 2014-12-28
This 12 June 2009 post from NSA’s internal SIDToday newsletter recounts a German/Afghan targeted operation and its support from the agency: see the Der Spiegel article Obama’s Lists: A Dubious History of Targeted Killings in Afghanistan, 28 December 2014.
SIDToday - To Nab Afghan Nemesis, German Forces Launch Rare Take-Down Operation; U.S. SIGINT Prov... DYNAMIC PAGE - HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS C...
1.0

PCS Harvesting at Scale

Document

Document Date: 2010-04-27Release Date: 2015-02-19
This April 2010 GCHQ report proposes an automated approach to seizing large numbers of mobile phone encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Reference: OPC-TDSD/TECH/21 Date: 27th April 2010 PCS Harvesting at Scale (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-CAP) (OPC-TDSD) Summary This report explores the ...
1.0

NATO Civilian Intelligence Council – Cyber Panel – Talking Points

Document

Document Date: 2011-09-14Release Date: 2015-02-04
This US National Intelligence Council memo dated 14 September 2011 provides US talking points for a forthcoming NATO meeting and includes the assessment that the threat presented by Anonymous and hacktivist activity is “minimal”: see the Intercept article Western Spy Agencies Secretly Rely on Hackers for Intel and Expertise, 4 February 2015.
SECRET//REL TO USA, NATO NIM/Cyber 14 September 2011 Talking Points Subject: (S//REL NATO) NATO Civilian Intelligence Council—Cyber Panel National Input A. Threat Overview (U) (U...
1.0

Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’S Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

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Document Date: 2011-03-22Release Date: 2015-06-22
This 42-page report from 10 March 2011 provides an overview of GCHQ’s information operations unit and the behavioural science theories that underpin its activities: see the Intercept article Controversial GCHQ Unit is Deeply Engaged in Law Enforcement, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations Mandeep K. Dhami, PhD Human Systems Group, Infor...
1.0

The Unofficial XKEYSCORE User Guide

Document

Release Date: 2015-07-01
This 27-page NSA document, authored by a consultant from contractor Booz Allen Hamilton, provides a step-by-step guide to using XKeyScore, together with screenshots: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
unofficial-xks-user-guide-p1-normal.gif: TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 The Unofficial XKEYSCORE User Guide E92 - ADET Consultant, Booz Allen Hamilton Th...
1.0

Exploiting Foreign Lawful Intercept (LI) Roundtable

Document

Document Date: 2012-01-01Release Date: 2015-09-29
This NSA presentation from 2012 discusses techniques for subverting “lawful intercept” systems used abroad: see the Intercept article A Death in Athens: Did a Rogue NSA Operation Cause the Death of a Greek Telecom Employee?, 29 September 2015.
2012-lawful-intercept-redacted2-p1-normal.gif: TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY (S//SI//REL) Exploiting Foreign Lawful Intercept (LI) Roundtable S31122 TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, FVEY...
1.0

Fusing Signals Data, with WARGODDESS

Document

Document Date: 2003-05-21Release Date: 2016-05-16
WARGODDESS is a system that fuses multiple sources of signal data to help characterize targets and threats and produce estimates about targets and their intentions.
DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS<br>TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL<br><br>(U//FOUO) Fusing Signals Data, with WARGODDESS<br>FROM:<br>WARGODDESS System Enginee...
1.0

Collecting in Afghanistan

Document

Document Date: 2003-05-01Release Date: 2016-05-16
NSA created MINUTEMAN PROMETHEUS for Special Forces to collect data from High Power Cordless Phones in Afghanistan.
DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS<br>TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL<br><br>(S//SI) Collecting in Afghanistan<br>FROM: CPT (P) <br>Tactical Platforms Systems In...
1.0

Rebroadcast of View from the Iraqi Front

Document

Document Date: 2003-06-30Release Date: 2016-05-16
Brig. Gen. Zahner’s speech to NSA on Operation Iraqi Freedom will be rebroadcast multiple times each day for a week on an internal video channel.
DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS<br>TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL<br><br>(U//FOUO) Rebroadcast of View from the Iraqi Front<br>FROM: SIGINT Communications<br...
1.0

2013 Intelligence Community budget justification

Document

Document Date: 2012-02-01Release Date: 2013-08-29
Congressional Budget Justification summary for fiscal year 2013 from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI): see the Washington Post article U.S. spy network’s successes, failures and objectives detailed in ‘black budget’ summary, 29 August 2013.
TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN FY 2013 Congressional Budget Justification Volume I NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM SUMMARY February 2012 TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN TOP SECRET//SI/TK//...
1.0

NSA Inspector General review of the President’s Surveillance Program

Document

Document Date: 2009-03-24Release Date: 2013-06-27
A review of NSA activities beginning shortly after 9/11 until January 2007 describes the warrantless mass surveillance activities authorised by President Bush, including a program codenamed STELLARWIND: see the Guardian article NSA collected US email records in bulk for more than two years under Obama, 27 June 2013.
TOP SECRET//STLW//COMINT/ORCON/NOFORN ST-09-0002 WORKING DRAFT OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE 24 March 2009 (U) TABLE OF CONTENTS ...
1.0

ORANGE CRUSH

Document

Release Date: 2014-05-13
This undated NSA document describes a new data collection stream from Poland, demonstrating how the NSA’s relationships with governments and corporate partners can interact: see the book No Place To Hide, 13 May 2014.
Page 106 (TS//SI//NF) ORANGECRUSH, part of the OAKSTAR program under SSO's corporate portfolio, began forwarding metadata from a third party partner site (Poland) to NSA repositories as of 3 ...
1.0

Boundless Informant heat maps

Document

Document Date: 2013-03-26Release Date: 2013-06-11
These undated heat maps show the number of pieces of communications data the NSA gathers per country in a particular 30 day period, divided into telephony (DNR) and internet (DNI) metadata. Details in the second map refer to a period in January 2013 and third to a period ending in February the same year: see […]
boundlessinformant.pdf: Page 93 BOUNDLESSINFORMANT Top 5 Countries (i»t 30 o«>» t-om «¡xu/i ■Ohm.pdf: BOUNDLESSINFORMANT im!MwamHMiM:rta.]a;ii]aaMaiM,(.yiii:am«.'.«M«iMiaiiiiiPH;i!i...
1.0

One-Year Anniversary for SUSLAG

Document

Document Date: 2005-06-10Release Date: 2014-06-21
This article from the internal NSA newsletter Foreign Affairs Digest, dated 10 June 2005, marks the one-year anniversary of the US Special Liaison Activity Germany (SUSLAG)  – NSA personnel working on German soil: see the Der Spiegel article New NSA Revelations: Inside Snowden’s Germany File, 18 June 2014.
(S//SI) One-Year Anniversary for SUSLAG FROM: (S//SI) SUSLAG (F28) Run Date: 06/10/2005 Special US Liaison Activity Germany has spent a year in a "tin can" (It's better than it sounds...
1.0

European Technical Center Area Checked for Unexploded WWII Ordnance

Document

This internal NSA post from 14 March 2006 describes an incident on 20 December 2005 when what was suspected to be unexplodeded WWII-era ordnance was discovered at an agency facility in Mainz Kastel, Germany: see the Der Spiegel article New NSA Revelations: Inside Snowden’s Germany File, 18 June 2014.
(U//FOUO) European Technical Center Area Checked for Unexploded WWII Ordnance FROM: multiple authors Unknown Run Date: 03/15/2006 (C) The ETC facility was closed for a day while inves...
1.0

Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process

Document

Document Date: 2010-09-13Release Date: 2014-12-28
This 13 September 2010 presentation from the NSA’s OTP VPN Exploitation Team explains the work of the division: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Intro to the VPN Exploitation Process OTP VPN Exploitation Team S31176 September 13, 2010 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, AUS, CAN, G...
1.0

How is Human Language (HTL) Progressing?

Document

Document Date: 2011-09-06Release Date: 2015-05-05
This 6 September 2011 post from the NSA’s internal SIDToday newsletter describes progress in the agency’s speech-to-text capability over the course of the year: see the Intercept article The Computers are Listening: How the NSA Converts Spoken Words Into Searchable Text, 5 May 2015.
(S//SI//REL) How Is Human Language Technology (HLT) Progressing? FROM: (U//FOUO)^^^H Language Analysis Modernization Lead (S2) Run Date: 09/06/2011 (S//SI//REL) Editor's intro: At the SI...
1.0

GCHQ Ministry Stakeholder Relationships spreadsheets

Document

Document Date: 2008-01-01Release Date: 2015-06-22
This collection of 13 spreadsheets illustrates the relationship between GCHQ and various ministries within the UK government and that agency’s work is by no means restricted to matters of national security, but also extends to domestic issues: see the Intercept article Controversial GCHQ Unit Engaged in Domestic Law Enforcement, Online Propaganda, Psychology Research, 22 June […]
 Bank of England GCO Name(s) 3CHQ Top level Aim with Customer BANK MISSION Contribute to Bank decision-making on issues affecting UK economic stability. To support UK economic stability. ...
1.0

Introduction to Context Sensitive Scanning with X-KEYSCORE Fingerprints

Document

Document Date: 2010-05-01Release Date: 2015-07-01
This 61-page NSA presentation from May 2010 provides analysts with a guide to tracking individuals within XKeyScore using the system’s fingerprint capability: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Introduction to Context Sensitive Scanning with X-KEYSCORE Fingerprints May 2010 TOP SECRET //COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL ...

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