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HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book

Document

Release Date: 2016-02-02 Document Date: 2011-09-20
This GCHQ research report dated 20 September 2011, cowritten by researchers at Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research based at the University of Bristol, concerns the use of data mining techniques to develop usable intelligence as well as the contradictions that arise from the use of algorithms to identify wrong doers, or potential wrong doers. The […]
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT AUS/CAN/NZ/UK/US EYES ONLY Reference: OPC-M/TECH.A/455 (v1.0, r206) Date: 20 September 2011 Copy no: HIMR Data Mining Research Problem Book OPC-MCR, G...
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MHS FISINT Successfully Collects Israeli F-16 Heads Up Display

Document

Release Date: 2016-01-29 Document Date: 2008-02-01
This March 2008 post from the internal NSA newsletter SIDToday, describes the Menwith Hill station’s success in intercepting the video feeds from Israeli F-16 fighter jets and drones: see the Intercept article Spies in the Sky: Israeli Drone Feeds Hacked by British and American Intellience, 29 January 2016.
TOP SECRET//COMINT/TALENT KEYHOLE// REL TO USA, FVEY published March 2008 MHS FISINT Successfully Collects Israeli F-16 Heads-Up Display (S//SI//REL) , Menwith Hill Station (F77) (S...
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Assessment of Intelligence Opportunity – Juniper

Document

Release Date: 2015-12-23 Document Date: 2011-02-03
This GCHQ report dated 3 February 2011 and written by a seconded NSA staff member, alludes to the agencies’ capabilities against 13 models of firewalls produced by Juniper Networks, Inc: see the Intercept article NSA Helped British Spies Find Security Holes In Juniper Firewalls, 23 December 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 ASSESSMENT OF INTELLIGENCE OPPORTUNITY - JUNIPER 03 February 2011 Executive Summary Background • Juniper Networks, Inc. headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, USA is...
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CNE End Point Requirements

Document

Release Date: 2015-01-17
This undated GCHQ reference document enumerates the processes and tools analysts use for computer network exploitation: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT CNE End Point Requirements CATEGORY O Experimt O Refinemer O Bug Fix O ALL REQTYPE O Capability O Convergenc O Query O Taskir O Viewe Oall PRIOR...
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PCS Harvesting at Scale

Document

Release Date: 2015-02-19 Document Date: 2010-04-27
This April 2010 GCHQ report proposes an automated approach to seizing large numbers of mobile phone encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Reference: OPC-TDSD/TECH/21 Date: 27th April 2010 PCS Harvesting at Scale (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-TDSD) (OPC-CAP) (OPC-TDSD) Summary This report explores the ...
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Graph theory in the operational environment

Document

This undated presentation from GCHQ’s Information and Communications Technology Research department discusses the agency’s efforts in finding “closed loops” of cheap burner phones, a major focus for the agency in the wake of the 7/7 London bombings: see the Intercept article How London’s 7/7 Bombings Led to “Unprecedented” Surveillance Tactics, 1 March 2018.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Graph theory in the operational environment TOP SECRET STRAP1 What I will cover Finding operational closed loops: - The reality of target behaviour - ...
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ISA-94: Application for renewal of warrant GPW/1160 in respect of activities which involve the modification of commercial software

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2008-06-13
This GCHQ application for warrant renewal from June 2008 shows that the agency has been engaged in the reverse engineering of commercial antivirus software for the purposes of facilitating its hacking operations: see the Intercept article Popular Security Software Came Under Relentless NSA and GCHQ Attacks, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP2 UK EYES ONLY Date: 13 June 2008 GCHQ Reference: A/9014/9105/55 Sian MacLeod Mariot Leslie Foreign Secretary ISA-94: APPLICATION FOR RENEWAL OF WARRANT GPW/1160 IN...
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MILKWHITE Enrichment Services (MES) Programme

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-07 Document Date: 2011-03-09
This two-page extract from a larger GCHQ document dated 9 March 2011 describes MILKWHITE, the codename under which metadata gathered by the agency is shared with other branches of the British government: see the Intercept article Facing Data Deluge, Secret U.K. Spying Report Warned of Intelligence Failure, 7 June 2016.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 9 March 2011 DISCOVER ID 5100181 E. MILKWHITE Enrichment Service (MES) Programme In FY11/12 the MES Programme will continue to support the Home Office Communications Ca...
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Full Spectrum Cyber Effects

Document

Release Date: 2014-04-04
This presentation, prepared by GCHQ’s Joint Threat Research Intelligence Group (JTRIG) for the 2010 SIGDEV conference describes the agency’s “effects” operations – including the use of social media for propaganda purposes: see the Intercept article: The “Cuban Twitter” Scam Is a Drop in the Internet Propaganda Bucket, 4 April 2014.
UK TOP SECRET STRAP 1 GCHQ Full-Spectrum Cyber Effects name redacted jTMii Head of JTRIG name redacted SD Effects Lead SIGINT Development as an enabler for GCHQ’s “Effects” m...
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PTC Glossary

Document

Release Date: 2014-11-25
This undated screenshot from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki provides details of INCENSER, “a GERONTIC delivery from the NIGELLA access” – in other words, a supply of data arranged by Cable & Wireless from a rival company’s infrastructure: see the Süddeutsche Zeitung article Snowden-Leaks: How Vodafone-Subsidiary Cable & Wireless Aided GCHQ’s Spying Efforts, 25 November 2014. Download […]
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. For GCWiki help contact: page PTC Glossary F...
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Israel

Document

Release Date: 2014-08-04 Document Date: 2008-01-01
This short extract from a GCHQ planning document from 2008 makes clear concerns about Israel’s “less desirable activities”: see the Intercept article Cash, Weapons and Surveillance: the U.S. is a Key Party to Every Israeli Attack, 4 August 2014.  
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Israel. Policy makers remain deeply concerned over the potential threat that Israel poses to a peaceful resolution of the Iran problem, and to some of Israel’s less desirab...
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BULLRUN

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated presentation from GCHQ’s PTD (Penetrating Target Defences) unit gives an overview of BULLRUN efforts to defeat encryption: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 BULLRUN PTD Lead for Special Operations and Policy PTD "We penetrate targets' defences." This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information A...
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BULLRUN CoI – Briefing Sheet

Document

Release Date: 2013-09-05
This undated GCHQ document provides a classification guide for BULLRUN – NSA and GCHQ’s attempts to weaken or defeat cryptographic protocols – and specifies some of its achievements: see the ProPublica article Revealed: The NSA’s Secret Campaign to Crack, Undermine Internet Security, 5 September 2013.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT BULLRUN Col - Briefing Sheet Introduction 1. The ability to exploit targets’ encrypted communications is extremely fragile and is often enabled through sensiti...
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Making Network Sense of the encryption problem

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-13 Document Date: 2011-01-01
This 2011 presentation by the head of GCHQ’s Network Analysis Centre outlines the agency’s interest in exploiting telecommunications companies, namely to “get at the data before it is encrypted”: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP 2 // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL ------m/\cz NETWORK ^IM^ySIS CSfSJTRe Making Network Sense of the encryption problem Roundtable Head of GCHQ NAC This info...
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WOLFRAMITE

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-04 Document Date: 2011-03-09
This extract from a GCHQ document dated 9 March 2011 describes WOLFRAMITE, an agency project to defeat the A5/3 GSM cipher: see the Intercept article Operation Auroragold: How the NSA Hacks Cellphone Networks Worldwide, 4 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 Strategic Objective Goal/Aim Programme Outcomes Target Capability deliveries for 2011/12 Meet the Mobile Broadband challenge. • Scaling up the exploitation of handse...
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Profiling SSL and Attributing Private Networks

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation introduces the FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY tools: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET//SI//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL PROFILING SSL AND ATTRIBUTING PRIVATE NETWORKS An introduction to FLYING PIG and HUSH PUPPY ICTR - Network Exploitation GCHQ T R J...
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Tor: Overview of Existing Techniques

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28 Document Date: 2012-01-01
This undated GCHQ presentation indicates the agency’s Tor research efforts as of 2012: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Tor: Overview of Existing Techniques (15 minutes) TOP SECRET STRAP 1 C! X R «two THIS INCDRHftTION IS EXEMPT UNDER THE FREEDOM QC I hJTOR M ATIG R FTF n -SV “Q A ...
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A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network (presentation)

Document

Release Date: 2014-12-28
This undated GCHQ presentation proposes a deanonymisation attack against Tor users based on the collection of data from exit nodes owned by the agency: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
UK TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT A potential technique to deanonymise users of the TOR network OPC-MCR, GCHQ This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act 20...
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FININT Tasking

Document

Release Date: 2017-09-23 Document Date: 2012-04-24
This page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki, dated 24 April 2012 describes procedures for searching through financial data retained by the agency, and cites examples of some of its sources: see the Intercept article Airport Police Demanded An Activist’s Passwords. He Refused. Now He Faces Prison In The UK, 23 September 2017.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. For GCWiki help contact: webteam RUSSETT Support pag...
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GCHQ Cyprus

Document

Release Date: 2015-08-03
This two-page extract from a longer, undated, GCHQ document describing its presence in Cyprus, states that “Under the ECHELON Agreement, NSA provides 50% of the funding for the SOUNDER Comsat facility”: see the Intercept article GCHQ and Me: My Life Unmasking British Eavesdroppers, 3 August 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Technical Capability 24. Improve Mission Management to ensure efficient use of our Sigint resources. The UK hubs/Access Services will continue to simplify and improve per...
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Artemis DGO and DOC Special

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-07 Document Date: 2009-01-01
This extract from a 2009 GCHQ presentation includes a report on PRESTON, the agency’s programme for intercepting the communications of individuals or organisations who are subject to surveillance warrants. The report found that, in one six-month period, 97% of such communications had not been viewed by the authorities: see the Intercept article Facing Data Deluge, […]
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 DGO and DOC Special TOP SECRET STRAP 1 This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and may be subject to exemption under other...
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JTRIG Operational Highlights, August 2009

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-02 Document Date: 2009-08-08
This short extract from a August 2009 GCHQ document describes the planning phase for Operation Quito, a “long-running, large scale, pioneering effects operation”: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.
TOP SECRET STRAP 1 • Op QUITO (TSI): Following a couple OMGs and a significant amount of prep work, the planning phase of Op QUITO, an effects op to support FCO's goals relating to Argentina ...
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Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-02 Document Date: 2011-03-10
These extracts from a GCHQ paper dated 10 March 2011 provide an indication of the agency’s ongoing effects (misinformation) and “online HUMINT” operations: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.s
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations PhD Human Systems Group, Information Management ...
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QUANTUMTHEORY

Document

Release Date: 2014-03-12 Document Date: 2010-01-01
This presentation from the 2010 SIGDEV Conference describes the contribution made by GCHQ to the development of Quantum techniques: see the Intercept article How the NSA Plans to Infect ‘Millions’ of Computers with Malware, 12 March 2014.
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY//20320108 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY//20320108 SIGDEV: Discovery in the Cyber Ag> TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY//20320108 (U) Clas...
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Communications Capability Development Programme

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-07 Document Date: 2012-01-01
This page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki outlines the agency’s approach to maintaining the UK’s “lawful intercept” capability: see the Intercept article Facing Data Deluge, Secret U.K. Spying Report Warned of Intelligence Failure, 7 June 2016.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. For GCWiki help contact: webteam . Support page ...
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Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’S Effects and Online HUMINT Operations

Document

Release Date: 2015-06-22 Document Date: 2011-03-22
This 42-page report from 10 March 2011 provides an overview of GCHQ’s information operations unit and the behavioural science theories that underpin its activities: see the Intercept article Controversial GCHQ Unit is Deeply Engaged in Law Enforcement, 22 June 2015.
TOP SECRET Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’s (Joint Threat Research and Intelligence Group’s) Effects and Online HUMINT Operations Mandeep K. Dhami, PhD Human Systems Group, Infor...
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Comet News (March 2010)

Document

Release Date: 2015-04-02 Document Date: 2010-03-01
This excerpted GCHQ newsletter from March 2010 describes ongoing surveillance operations against Argentina: see the Intercept article Britain Used Spy Team to Shape Latin American Public Opinion on Falklands, 2 April 2015.
TOP SECRET//STRAP 1 COMET NEWS (March 2010) This quick-read newsletter is intended to inform GCHQ primary target areas of some of the most recent technology developments/findings, tasking ...
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Mobile Apps – Checkpoint meeting Archives

Document

Release Date: 2016-06-07 Document Date: 2012-05-01
This page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki, last updated on 1 May 2012 documents progress in a variety of the agency’ projects: see Facing Data Deluge, Secret U.K. Spying Report Warned of Intelligence Failure, 7 June 2016.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT The maximum classification allowed on GCWiki is TOP SECRET STRAP1 COMINT. Click to report inappropriate content. For GCWiki help contact: webteam Support page Mob...
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S455N – Israeli UAV Digital Video

Document

Release Date: 2016-01-29
This undated GCHQ report from the agency’s Cyprus (GOLF) division, describes, in technical data, the S455N signals sent out by Israeli drones: see the Intercept article Spies in the Sky: Israeli Drone Feeds Hacked by British and American Intellience, 29 January 2016.
TOP SECRET STRAP1 SPOKE sigint.development S455N - Israeli UAV Digital Video Golf Section, JSSU(CYP) Analyst: 1 of 7 This information is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom ...
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Significant TRF TROODOS stories over past 6 months

Document

Release Date: 2016-01-29 Document Date: 2012-01-01
This GCHQ presentation from 2012 describes the Troodos (Cyprus) station’s successes in intercepting signals from drones, including Israeli-made drones “carrying weapons” and Iranian-made drones being used in Syria, which were the subject of “presidential” interest: see the Intercept article Spies in the Sky: Israeli Drone Feeds Hacked by British and American Intellience, 29 January 2016. […]
TOP SECRET STRAP1 Significant TRF TROODOS stories over past 6 months I TOP SECRET STRAP1 Success against Syria • 17th Feb 2012 collection on an undocumented frequency of 120...

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