Title: VICTORY GARDEN -- 'Growing' a Norwegian National FORNSAT Capability

Release Date: 2018-03-01

Document Date: 2005-02-07

Description: The NSA has been helping the Norwegian Intelligence Service, or NIS, develop Norway’s foreign satellite, or FORNSAT, collection and processing. By the end of 2005, the NIS will have capability comparable to an NSA FORNSAT field site. “NIS remains one of NSA's closest SIGINT allies.”

Document: DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS
TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL

(S//SI) VICTORY GARDEN -- 'Growing' a Norwegian National
FORNSAT Capability
FROM:
FAD/Acquisition Support and Project Management Division (DP312)
Run Date: 02/07/2005
(S//SI) Though the Norwegian climate does not encourage year-round gardening, NSA and the
Norwegian Intelligence Service (NIS) are "growing" a Norwegian national FORNSAT capability
outside of Oslo. Leveraging previous NSA developments, NIS funds these "SIGINT gardens."
(S//SI) When VICTORY GARDEN, which provides the NIS with the capability to process
commercial satellite communications such as IBS/IDR (Intelsat Business Service and
Intermediate Data Rate), reaches Initial Operating Capability (IOC) in December 2005, NIS will
have an independent FORNSAT capability that will be comparable to an NSA FORNSAT field site.
When the program is fully operational, NIS will be solely responsible for tasking, collection,
analysis, and reporting involving the site.
(S//SI) VICTORY GARDEN's components include WINTERGARDEN, ROCKGARDEN,
FLOWERGARDEN, TOPIARYGARDEN, and GREENGARDEN.
(S//SI) WINTERGARDEN, the initial system, provided NIS with an INMARSAT collection
capability. Initial capabilities included two 13-meter antennas and INMARSAT voice/telex
collection and processing capability. System upgrades keep pace with new INMARSAT
communications. Upgrades include the ability to collect new INMARSAT standard
communications (SEADIVER) and upgraded voice and fax processing systems
(SEMITONE, NUCLEON, BLACKNIGHT and CADENCE).
(U//FOUO) ROCKGARDEN, deployed in November 2004, provided an initial survey
capability. The system consists of an automated analysis of the signal environment and a
WEALTHYCLUSTER to look deeper into signals of interest.
(U//FOUO) FLOWERGARDEN, contracted to Lockheed Martin, provides front-end
collection capabilities and includes three 18m antennas, one 13m antenna (all antennas
are C/Ku and with dual polarity), RF and IF switching systems, downconverters and
modems.
(U//FOUO) GREENGARDEN leverages existing NSA/CES developments to process
FLOWERGARDEN collection using Digital Circuit Multiplication Equipment (DCME)
selection before decompression (FENESTRA) and various CES systems necessary to
select/process voice, fax, and dial-up modems. VSAT collection (FALLOWHAUNT) and
digital video processing (CONTROLAND/NEXTGEN) are also included.
(U//FOUO) TOPIARYGARDEN provides various mission management, analysis and
reporting tools to include OCTAVE, RENOIR, and the UIS toolset.
(S//SI) Lockheed Martin is responsible for installation and integration of FLOWERGARDEN and
GREENGARDEN at site. Integration of NSA-developed capabilities is conducted in the FAD
integration lab (located in CANX). By conducting testing at the Foreign Affairs Directorate lab
(vice contracting this), NSA saved NIS over one million dollars. The savings were reinvested into
additional processing capabilities. As a Norwegian national capability, NIS is responsible for lifecycle support after IOC. NSA, however, will remain involved, as NIS remains one of NSA's
closest SIGINT allies.
(S//SI) In the end, NSA and NIS are working together to identify and refine mission
requirements and potential areas of cooperation. VICTORY GARDEN will provide NIS a FORNSAT
capability to collect and share with NSA reporting in areas of mutual interest.

(U//FOUO) This article is reprinted from January's Foreign Affairs Digest .

"(U//FOUO) SIDtoday articles may not be republished or reposted outside NSANet
without the consent of S0121 (DL sid_comms)."

DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS
TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL
DERIVED FROM: NSA/CSSM 1-52, DATED 08 JAN 2007 DECLASSIFY ON: 20320108

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