Title: Special-Delivery SIGINT: How NSA Got Reports to US Negotiators In Time for Them To Be of Value

Release Date: 2017-04-24

Document Date: 2007-07-13

Description: This 13 July 2007 article from the internal NSA newsletter SIDToday describes how the agency surveilled the Japanese delegation at the 59th annual meeting of the International Whaling Commission, with the help of their New Zealand partner: see the Intercept article Japan Made Secret Deals With The NSA That Expanded Global Surveillance, 24 April 2017. […]

Document: DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS
TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL

(S//SI//REL) Special-Delivery SIGINT: How NSA Got Reports to US Negotiators In Time for Them

To Be of Value

FROM:

NSA Representative to Department of Commerce (S112)

Run Date: 07/13/2007

(S//SI//REL) Imagine that you represent the US at an international forum. You and your allies from other
nations are trying to win a key vote, but the opposition camp is lobbying furiously and it's really coming
down to the wire. You would dearly love to obtain some SIGINT that lets you know what the other side is
up to, wouldn't you? But if the meetings are being held in a remote location, how can NSA get it to you?

(S//SI//REL) For scenarios like the above, NSA improvises! Recently I was fortunate to serve as the NSA
on-the-ground support tojust such an international forum - the meeting of the International Whaling
Commission. "The International Whaling Commission?" you ask. The IWC recently held its 59th annual
meeting in Anchorage, Alaska, where the 77-member commission voted on several whale conservation
measures, which the US government supports. When the meeting ended on 1 June, the anti-whaling camp
won, but the outcome was not clear going in.

(S//SI//REL) Japan again hoped to end the 21-year-old moratorium on commercial whaling, but failing
that, lobbied for votes supporting other pro-whaling proposals. New Zealand had the target access, and
collected and provided insightful SIGINT that laid out the lobbying efforts of the Japanese and the
response of countries whose votes were so coveted. US officials were anxious to receive the latest
information during the actual negotiations in Anchorage. But how do you get GCSB* SIGINT to the IWC
Chair at the Captain Cook Hotel in Anchorage?

Japanese

(U) Japanese delegates listen on the opening day of the International Whaling Commission meeting in
Anchorage, Alaska in this handout photo taken May 28, 2007. (Reuters)

(S//SI//REL) Everything comes together in the global cryptologic enterprise. We contacted the Alaska
Mission Operations Center (AMOC) at Elmendorf AFB in Anchorage and were assured that they could
accommodate us, even though we would be showing up at work on the Sunday before Memorial Day and
working the holiday. Department of Commerce funded the TDY for a Commerce Intelligence Analyst and
me, NSA's External Representative to Commerce. I admit to being skeptical that we would get all AMOC
had promised - immediate access to NSANet and MAUI. But it was really true! In no time the airmen on
duty had me up and running on NSANet with access to MAUI and a working printer.

(S//SI//REL) The time difference from New Zealand to Alaska worked in our favor, as the very latest
collection was ready for distribution first thing in the morning, before the IWC convened. The AMOC is
located about 20 miles from the hotel where the IWC meeting took place. I took a 30-minute cab ride to
the AMOC daily at 7:00 a.m. in order to retrieve the latest SIGINT products, which I placed in my locked
bag. My Commerce colleague picked me up in her rented vehicle and together we couriered the SIGINT
to the hotel. The US delegation had a private conference room with a lock. We arranged to have the room
emptied at a specific time and then distributed the material to the fully cleared delegates to read in silence.
When everyone finished we couriered the material back to the AMOC and shredded it.

(S//REL) We knew the delegates valued the material simply because they took time from their very hectic
schedules to be there and read it. The pointing and nodding was also a good indicator. Two US delegates
from Commerce and two from State read, as well as two New Zealand and one Australian delegate. Was
the outcome worth the effort? The Australian, New Zealand, and American delegates would all say "yes."

I believe the whales would concur.

(U) Notes:

*GCSB = New Zealand's Government Communications Security Bureau

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