Title: RAMPART-A Project Overview

Release Date: 2014-06-18

Document Date: 2010-10-01

Description: This NSA presentation from 1 October 2010 describes RAMPART-A, the agency’s “unconventional special access program”: see the Intercept article How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet, 19 June 2014.

Document: RAMPART-A
Project Overview

1 October 2010

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This briefing is classified

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RAMP ART-A Overview

Covername for NSA's unconventional special access program

to gain access to high-capacity international fiber-optic cables that transit at major
congestion points around the world.

Program started in 1992 with the establishment of the National Fiber Optic

Program Fund

a Four initial global congestion points identified
a Extended Bi-lat partnerships w/FAD to new compartmented efforts

General agreements negotiated:
a Foreign Partners provide access to cables and host US equipment
a US provides equipment for transport, processing, & analysis
a No US collection by Partner and No Host Country collection by US
a Shared tasking & collection
© Today....

a 5 on-going relationships
a 2 cooperative relationship (w/ RAM-T)
a 2 emerging relationships

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Project Description

© (TS//SI) RAMPART-A's accesses target long-haul
leased communications through international
gateways. Circuit-Switched and Packet-Switch signals
are enabled by foreign partners. Collection and
Processing assets reside on foreign soil and traffic Is
exfilled back to NSAW.

© (TS//SI) Access Types: International Gateway
Switches; End-Point GSM Switches; Leased Internet
Circuits; Internet Backbone Routers; Call Records.

© (S//SI) Every Country Code in the world is seen at
one or more RAMPART-A collection accesses

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SSO/RAMPART-A Site Operations
Model

Mission Program Manager

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Engineering and Technical Services

(ETS)

(U//FOUO) Integrate corporate and commercial
solutions

a In compliance with differing Third-party
architectures

(C) Test end-to-end Integrated solutions to meet SSO
& Third-party operational requirements

(C) Deploy and support new systems to Third-party
controlled facilities

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Operations and Discovery Division

(ODD)

(C) Responsible for the tasking of the collection
systems

© (C) Coordinates system resources with the RAMPART-
A partners

(C) Analyzes communications links to optimize
collection resources

(C) Monitors the performance of the collection
systems

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RAM- A Projects

US-3237/SMOKYSINK (no 3rd party partner/joint RAM-T)
E3 DNR&DNI
US-3127/AZUREPHOENIX
a DNR&DNI
US-3180/SPINNERET
a DNR&DNI

US-982/TRANQUIL - Retired June 2010
a DNR&DNI
US-3145/MOONLIGHTPATH
a DNI & DNR (September 2010)

• US-3190/FIREBIRD
a DNR&DNI
US-3153/ FALCONSTRIKE
a DNR&DNI
US-3178/DULCIMER

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RAMP ART-A Typical Operation

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Sensitivity Factors

© (TS//SI//NF//ECI) Compartmentalization

REDHARVEST/RDV

• Who is the partner

• Where is the access

• What is the access

© (TS//SI//NF) Cover

a Most RAMPART-A Third-party partners work the fiber projects
under the cover of an overt Comsat effort

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Capabilities

• (TS//SI) Capabilities:

a Automated, Continuous, High-Speed Survey of Circuit and
Packet Switched Traffic

a Packet-Switched selection & session collection
b Dial Number Recognition of Circuit-Switched telephony

© (S//SI) Deploy, and continually upgrade
Circuit and Packet Switched collection
architecture to all RAM PART-A sites

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SIGINT Value Added

© (TS//SI) Product Lines: All A&P product lines
use collection from RAM PART-A for SIGINT
reporting

© (TS//SI) Productivity/Intelligence gains: Over
9,000 SIGINT Product Reports written last
year with ~49% being Single Source Reports

e (TS//SI) Targets within Accesses: International
voice & fax telephony; Users of "web
services" (e.g. -Port 80 e-mail; Chat; VoIP);
GSM; Calling Card users

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SMOKYSINK

® (TS//SI) SMOKYSINK is in "steady
state" mode

® (TS//SI) Continuous TU upgrades

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AZUREPHOENIX

*>(S) Site Physical Plant Upgrade
2010-2011

• (TS//SI) TU deployment earliest Spring
2012?

©(TS//SI) Partner working on additional
accesses

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SPINNERET

©(TS//SI) Cables upgrading with
additional capacity - RAM-A deploying
additional resources to accommodate

• (TS//SI) 60 Gbps LPT - October 2009

• (TS//SI) Additional 60 Gbps LPT
scheduled for late 2010

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MOONLIGHTPA TH

© (S) DNI system deployment - April 2009

© (TS//SI) New Cable access survey - May
2009

© (S) Site B rehab - Winter 2009

© (TS//SI) New access in Sept. 2010

© (TS//SI) New DNR/DNI system deployment -
first phase (DNR) in May 2010. DNI to follow
TU deployment schedule

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TRANQUIL

»(TS//SI) TRANQUIL shut down in
June, 2010

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FIREBIRD

© (TS//SI) Unique 3rd party enabled
access - no NSA processing systems

©(TS//SI) Collection System IOC -
February 2010

©(TS//SI) Working to establish an NSA to
3rd Party partner collection system
translation

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FLASHMARK

• (TS//SI) Access same as FIREBIRD, but
allowing US Collection Systems

©(TS//SI) Survey - March, 2010

• (TS//SI) FIREBIRD/FLASHMARK issue to
be resolved this month.

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FALCONSTRIKE

• (TS//SI) Survey - September 2009

® (TS//SI) Pilot System Deployment - January
2010

© (TS//SI) Secure Com ms Deployment -
January 2010

© (TS//SI) Two Track Future

Sustained system - mid 2012
k Pilot System upgrade completed - December 2010

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DULCIMER

• (TS//SI) Survey - November 2010

# (TS//SI) Expected traffic should be large
international internet pipes

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CONDORSPEAK

<> (TS//SI) Discussions with Partner - October,
2010

• (TS//SI) Expected initial traffic will be
metadata from target cable

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In Summary

©RAMPART-A has access to international
communications from anywhere around
the world

©SSO/RAM PART -A stands ready to
support your intelligence gathering
needs

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