Title: NSA Support to NATO Summit

Release Date: 2016-12-07

Document Date: 2004-06-28

Description: NSA is working with CIA and foreign partners to provide security for the June 2004 NATO Summit in Istanbul. The high-profile event has been referred to as a potential terrorist "Super Bowl."

Document: DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS
TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL

(S) NSA Support to NATO Summit
FROM: Marilyn J. Maines, Dan Ennis and
Europe Issue Management Team
Run Date: 06/28/2004
FROM: Marilyn J. Maines, Dan Ennis and
Europe Issue Management Team
(S) The NATO Summit in Istanbul, 28-29 June 2004, is the last of the three summits in June (G8, US-European Union, and NATO) where the major US international security initiatives will be
discussed with our closest allies. Interest in this event is heightened by the participation of the
U.S. President, George Bush in the Summit itself, preceded by a two-day visit to Ankara on 2627 June. Since early May, NSA has been working at Headquarters, throughout the extended
enterprise and in close cooperation with foreign partners to provide security for this event.
(S) High Terrorist Threat Potential for this Summit, in a Summer of Many High Profile
Events...
(S) The Summit will be a high profile event with close to 60 heads of state -- including the
President -- and their chief military and foreign policy advisers attending. The bombings in
Istanbul in November, March and May, and in Madrid in March, plus the discovery of several
bombs on train tracks in Spain and France in March, and significant terrorist threats against
Turkey make the security environment for the Summit a great concern. Some people are
referring to the Summit as a potential terrorist "Superbowl" and the Director of Central
Intelligence has raised the level of community focus for this event. Recent raids in the vicinity of
Istanbul by the Turkish National Police -- allegedly targeting groups with connections to Sunni
extremist groups planning to attack or disrupt the Summit -- have raised security concerns even
higher.
(U) From What Terrorist Groups Will the Primary Threat Come?
(S) Terrorist groups would consider the NATO Summit a hard target. Security around the
Summit venues would probably preclude any serious terrorist targeting of the immediate
Summit facilities during the event. However, terrorists would regard the Summit as a lucrative
target because the large number of world leaders attending and the symbolism that NATO
evokes would automatically turn any terrorist act into a dramatic event embarrassing the
Turkish government.
(S) The US Intelligence Community assesses the greatest threat to the Summit comes from Al
Qa'ida and its affiliates or sympathetic Islamic groups. Other potential terrorist groups posing a
medium-to-high level threat are Ansar al-Islam and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU).
A secondary threat is posed by Domestic Turkish extremist groups including the Revolutionary
People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C), the Maoist Communist Party (MKP, formerly the
Turkish Communist Party/Marxist Leninist, TKP/ML), Kongra Gel (formerly Kadek/PKK) and
Turkish Hisballah. National or international anti-global, anarchist type groups, such as Great
Eastern Raiders-Front, pose a less serious threat that is likely to be disruptive rather than
destructive. There is also the "wild card" possibility of an attack from unknown terrorists, taking
advantage of this world stage opportunity.

(S//SI) NSA and Intelligence Community Support on the Ground in Istanbul
(S//SI) To meet the challenge in Istanbul,
NSA has supplied four senior SIGINT analysts -- two from Headquarters and two from
NCEUR* -- to work in the US Fusion Cell , led by CIA and located in the New US
Consulate building.

NCR
NSA's Senior Representative in country, will be working with CIA Chief of
Station Ankara and Chief of Base Istanbul and with Turkish and NATO partners as part of
a multi-national International Intelligence Group , located at Turkish National
Intelligence Organization (TNIO) office near the Summit Hall.
An Executive Protection Team , located at the Hilton Hotel in Istanbul, where the US
President will be located, will be working in close cooperation with the Special Collection
Service (SCS). NSA has augmented the Special Collection Service effort with four
additional linguists. GCHQ is also supporting SCS efforts with a special short-term effort
in Istanbul.
Finally, a technical support team from SID Data Acquisition (DA) will be on-site in
Ankara and Istanbul to provide assistance.
(U) NSA Support Efforts at Headquarters
(S//SI) Back at Headquarters, analysts from several production offices and current support
offices are working extended hours to provide quick detection of any terrorist threat against the
NATO Summit. Counterterrorism, International Security Issues (ISI) and the GEO Product Line
have all stood up 24/7 watch efforts for the duration of the Summit. NSOC's Campaign Desk,
Terrorism Desk the CT Watch Officer and the Executive Protection Center are all geared up for
crisis support.
(S//SI) Advance support and preparation for the Summit has been provided by a virtual
SIGINT Development Working Group , including members from CT, GEO and ISI offices,
GRSOC*, MRSOC*, NCEUR Forward and military personnel from ESC*, has been under way for
several month, resulting in an excellent baseline of knowledge and some significant new
development against terrorist communications in the Istanbul area. The Europe Issue
Management Team (IMT) has also been working to provide synchronization of SIGINT support
related to the NATO Summit. All are poised and ready to support a safe and successful summit
or to respond in real-time if needed.
*(U) Notes:
NCEUR = NSA/CSS Europe
GRSOC = Ft Gordon Regional Security Operations Center
MRSOC = Medina Regional Security Operations Center
ESC = European Security Center

"(U//FOUO) SIDtoday articles may not be republished or reposted outside NSANet
without the consent of S0121 (DL sid_comms)."

DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS
TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL
DERIVED FROM: NSA/CSSM 1-52, DATED 08 JAN 2007 DECLASSIFY ON: 20320108

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