Title: NSA QUANTUM Tasking Techniques for the R&T Analyst

Release Date: 2013-12-29

Description: This Booz Allen Hamilton presentation on the NSA’s Quantum tools describes the different kinds of malware attacks available to workgroups within the agency, the procedure an analyst must follow in order to make use of them and the way the systems themselves work, using a “man-on-the-side” attack from TAO’s FOXACID server. It also describes the […]

Document: image-583967-galleryV9-quqn.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

(TS) NSA QUANTUM Tasking Techniques
for the R&T Analyst

POC:

TAO RTD | Team

- Booz Allen Hamilton SDS2

The overall classification of this brief is

TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL Derived From: NSA/CSSM 1-52 Dated: 20070108 Declassify On: 20370801


in

SIGINT I Development I Support

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1image-583968-galleryV9-nnqh.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

4 (TS//SI//REL) Only R&T Analysts can submit QUANTUMTHEORY Tasking to the
QUANTUM team. TOPI Analysts can submit QUANTUMNATION Tasking through
Target Profiler. The biggest difference is QUANTUMTHEORY deploys a stagel implant
called VALIDATOR (soon to be COMMONDEER) and QUANTUMNATION deploys a
stageO implant called SEASONEDMOTH (SMOTH). SMOTHs die within 30 days of
deployment unless requested to extend the life.

4 (TS//SI//REL) This presentation does not cover FAA QUANTUM, but if you identify an
active selector, compare the SIGAD in Marina to the SIGAD on the GO QUANTUM wiki
page to see if FAA QUANTUM is an option.

4 (TS//SI//REL) This presentation is geared towards targets seen at US- . If you are
unfamiliar with this SIGAD, it is equivalent to a TS//NF SIGAD that cannot be
mentioned in this PowerPoint. You can contact the POC of this brief for more
information.

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SIGINT I Development I Supportimage-583969-galleryV9-ygjs.jpg:
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

Web Browsing (Exploit with QUANTUM

• The concept man-on-the-side)

• QUANTUM is a man-on-the-side capability. If your target has a selector
that is active in the last 14 days, vulnerable to the QUANTUM technique,
and seen by an SSO site that has QUANTUM capabilities, then there might
be the opportunity to detect that communication in real-time and piggy
back with the requested content back into the target's network and
implant the host.

• QUANTUMTHEORY can be used only if a TAO Project is set up (must
coordinate with your R&T Analyst)

• QUANTUM NATION can be used regardless of a TAO Project (TOPI does the
tasking in Target Profiler)

• The biggest difference is QUANTUMTHEORY deploys a stagel implant
called VALIDATOR (soon to be COMMONDEER) and QUANTUM NATION
deploys a stageO implant called SEASONEDMOTH (5MOTH). SMOTHs die
within 30 days of deployment unless requested to extend the life. The
exploit technique is the same.

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY

^simage-583941-galleryV9-cphn.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

Target Web Server

XJ

SSO Site

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SIGINT I Development I Support

nuu,image-583942-galleryV9-tsxf.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

1. Target logs into his

account Inteme^outer

Yahoo’s

Target Web Server

f

SSO Siteimage-583944-galleryV9-blpr.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

1. Target logs into his
Yahoo account

Target

Internet Router

SSO Site

Yahoo’s
Web Server

2. SSO site sees the
QUANTUM tasked Yahoo
selector's packet and forwards
it to TAO’s FOXACID Server



_____________________4image-583945-galleryV9-vpvp.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

4. Yahoo server receives the
packet requesting email content

TAO FOXACID

Server

3. FOXACID injects a FOXACID url
into the packet and sends it back to
the target’s computerimage-583946-galleryV9-jmwl.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

^^^W^SjGjN^^evejoomen^^roort
image-583948-galleryV9-gvpa.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

Target

6. The target's Yahoo webpage is
loaded but in the background the
FOXACID URL loads whichimage-583949-galleryV9-ihsx.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

Target

TAO FOXACID
Server

7. If the browser is exploitable
and the PSP is safe, FOXACID
deploys a Stage 1 implant back
to the target

^^^W^SIGI^^^evejoomen^^DDort
4image-583951-galleryV9-gsyo.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

What is QUANTUM?

QUANTUM Generic Animation - High Level of How It Works

Target

Target Implanted!

TAO F OXACID

Server

7. If the browser is exploitable
and the PSP is safe, FOXACID
deploys a Stage 1 implant back
to the target

¿^^^^SjGjNnDevetownent^uDgort
4image-583970-galleryV9-oxkj.jpg:
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY

QUANTUM Capabilities - NSA

(TS//SI//REL) NSA QUANTUM has the greatest success against , ,
and Static IP Addresses. New QUANTUM realms are often changing, so check the GO
QUANTUM wiki page or the QUANTUM SpySpace page to get more up-to-date news.

NSA QUANTUM is capable of targeting the following realms:

• • IPv4 public • mailruMrcu
• • alibabaForumUser • msnMailToken64
• • doubleclickID • qq
• • emailAddr • facebook
• • rocketmail • simbarUuid
• • hi5Uid • twitter
• • hotmailCID • yahoo
• • linkedin • yahooBcookie
• • mail ymail
• • mailruMrcu • youTube
• • msnMailToken64 • WatcherlD

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEYimage-583939-galleryV9-bitv.jpg:
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

QUANTUMTHEORY - GCHQ

If a Partnering Agreement Form (PAF) is set up with GCHQ for
the CNO project, then the R&T Analyst can utilize GCHQ
QUANTUMTHEORY to include additional capabilities such as:

• • ALIBABA • AOL

• • BEBOEMAIL • DOUBLECLICK

• • FACEBOOK CUSER • GOOGLE PREFID

• • GMAIL • HI5

• • HOTMAIL • LINKEDIN

• • MAILRU • MICROSOFT_MUID

• • MICROSOFT_ANONA • RAMBLER

• • RADIUS • SIMBAR

• • TWITTER • YAHOO_B

• • YAHOO_L/Y • YANDEX_EMAIL

• • YOUTUBE • IP Address

More information on: https://wiki.gchq/ ■/QUANTUM_BISCUIT

If you cannot get to the link try: http://fc ■ m « ■ I : ■ wm

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, FVEY

16image-583971-galleryV9-laup.jpg:
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

QUANTUM SIGDEV - QFDs

(TS//SI//REL) Find all Selectors associated to your target (Yahoo,
Yahoo B Cookies, Facebook, Hotmail, etc) using Marina, NSA or
GCHQ QFDs.

NSA SATC QFDs:

111 I I ALTEREGO QFD: ■ 1» ■J ■ 1

Queried Selector

Alternate Selector Queried Alternate Intersection Score

Selector Selector (MOO)

Degree Degree

atue.l64> 4 5 2 40
■■lil u 6 2 2 60
s 6? 439 $1 59

DOGCOLLAR QFD:
Selector Type Enrichment Value Observations First Seen Díte Last Seen Date
5ISPMHM ■■i mm* mo 429 2012/05/24 2013/03/21

Skip to Step 5 once you have all of your selectors...



TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

6image-583972-galleryV9-mmeg.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

QUANTUM SIGDEV- Marina

Step 1; Skip to Step 5 if you used the QFDs to identify alternate selectors

J (TS//SI//REL) If you do not use the GCHQ or NSA QFDs you can use Marina. Run a
Marina Selector/ldentifier Profile (Federated) search for a 3 month range to look for
additional selectors.

OA/fartrta

2* Ham SeartT. BmIi Recoil • C < l>»4y re*±*d- SdictorPmMe <4 Idortity Pnfermcoc •- Mr*) * ^ logoU

U _l«t«nr* O _)ActnfUMr ■>» Wfcwn Start Date: ammo 3 00:00.00 v tr4C>*» 20120210 23S9S9 * 3 Months v H

4_J*Vt«» Selector*
4 jown 4 JC«n«M« S«fetor» 2
4 _)«< «eab* Ircut tfl
i-jMk yahoo bit
50 r3 »mrwort.»*««» Pmf«* OcactAiftt Wntret tfivaMrftRari OacodoOrdan » "a* l«fctori :«e*4M t- «ynm» •» -a «r«ar .J *tt) to Searc».
4 Reactor AuUisntyfCm
4 _Jip*»*#ony 4 _)V»nri>«ry
4 jUMTActrrty Wfoty
4 Wr«>J«Wf 4 .JVatMtfM» iionmn

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TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

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>

4 (TS//SI//REL) Once the query finishes, look at the Equivalent IDs section. This will show
you other selectors that your target is using. This is determined by linking content
(loglns/email registrations/etc). It is worth verifying that these are indeed selectors
associated to your target. NSA QUANTUM works best against and
. Although, it is worth making note of a selector for possible GCHQ
QUANTUM support or for your own notes.

Selector Summary: <= 16

Web Cam Photo«: 0
► j Equivalent ID*: 5

page 1 of 1

New Selector
Known Selector

F«er(None^ Layout (Defaut) -

Visualize in * Save As ’ *

0 Application Entity A ^ A ® > 4, f; 9 Activity ^ Entity 8
» □ ®>gmal.co(n ^ has alt id
3 □ eMail ’ï>grt%a ^ has alt id K -i
4 ^^ has alt id

«mm

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SIGINT I Development I Supportimage-583974-galleryV9-tlyw.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

9

)

\

4 (TS//SI//REL) If your search was on a email address, then click on Machine
IDs and look for a recent . YahooBcookie’s are unique to a specific
computer and can hold other addresses that are being logged into on that
computer as long as the user does not clear browser cookies. If you see multiple
pick the most recent Last Heard date. Also higher the Num Heard is,
the more likely that selector does not change.




PoctMonk: 0
< M*rtww IDs 18 New Selector referai


□ App* 4. ÿ M*ctiln« rar A© > •t fl tint Hr*rd 1 Ml HNnl -
1 □ ntt jy atvx> rrorfaj^.O (oanpaode: 7 ft 8.0; M^donsiK 20111115 1352031 20111206 103SS22
2 3 20111205 1001112 20111205 1C02M2
* 2011111$ 1352122 20111205 1001202

6 □ *** •7 □ «W 20 llll 25 05 ISO*? 2011112S 0632X7

Unique Selectors Found:
(Known Selector)
* @gmail.com (New Selector)
(New Selector)

image-583975-galleryV9-kbuj.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL


New selector

| | Appliroltoo rntMy A / (•> > * Activity tnlily n
1 |—| ~ r*.gm»J rnm K»Ç fllf M) ;
2 □*♦*»! Kas «solay name
3 □ *M*I ¿frOln+i £om Km Alt id
4 QIM K»s alt id


(TS//SI//REL) Since @gmail.com is a new selector, you will want to

do a Marina Selector Profile query on it to see if there are additional accounts
associated to the target. Remember NSA QUANTUM cannot target the
selector.

(TS//SI//REL)
You can do
this by

clicking on the
selector, scroll
down to Select
Profile, and click
Range.

• Equivalent IDs: 5 ^

Page 1 of 1 Layout (Defat«)' ' Visual»h' Save a® - Teds ' Status Load Ccwdete
□ Application Entity A 1» qmad.c om EnUty B
1 □ eMail i-Jiçrridil.cûni * :
2 Q eMail Selector Details U
3 □ eMail 3>CTftail.com«;QQc fi Knowledge
Anrfytfcs ►
Charts ►


Add To Inqjfcy Day (+/-12 hoirs)

User Activty ► Year (-1 Year)

,i Sent Messages: 2 Range
ïïavel Detal

Find [n a

image-583976-galleryV9-pznd.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

(TS//SI//REL) Change the query to search for the last 3 Months and click SUBMIT

Selector Profile Search

Selector Profile

Search Name:
XK’.ficatlon
Start Date:
Selectors

Selector Profite [ e>gmal.com]

■■

20111110 n 00:00:00 v End Date 20120210 5 23:59:59 v

Authority Filters

3 Month

■fodsy

\ - :Q|


Add s•! Remove Cor relate
Identifier Ream Inpu;
tÿgrnail.cûm google Parameters
□ skypeHartskeo Parameters
□ @Gmai.com google Parameters
□ ■■IMHHaH skypeMaffcken Parameters
□ skypeMaffofcen Parameters
m skypeMaffcken Parameters
¡®>gmail.com google Parameters
Quick Add: Ertw coe ot more selector: separated by ccmmas anc rtf ente' . ly.

This Week
Last Week
This Month
Last Month
1 Day

5 Days
7 Days

3 Months
6 Months
Ye»

7

L...

Acid e Removeimage-583978-galleryV9-kbic.jpg:
)

l

TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

4 (TS//SI//REL) Once the query finishes, look at the Equivalent IDs section and make
note of any new , , , and selectors and
do the same process to identify additional selectors.

Equivalent ID«: 16

Page 1 of 1 Z Fie» (Wane)’ Lerywd (Defotfl) * * ViMfafh’ Save As* foe*: * Stolus: Uwdng Enrichments „ V\Mfa fet serve» response

Application Entity A A® > 3, If*] $ Activity Entity B
1 •pcrr^i.or has display name
2 aiPcmai .com iQcode > has display name
3 □ «Mel ?»gmel. com has display name
4 □ «Mel ©gnel. com hos deploy name
5 □ eMel ®gnaJ.cocn
6 □ «Màl •S'çnôi. com cgcoçfe > has at id New Facebook Selector
7 □ «Ma* ■Pgmafxom has display nsroe t

8 □ «Mal (?>gma4 .com has display name
9 □ cMal |$gnMi-com has alt id ça i||mdw cyahco >
10 □ cMel *®>cmol.com has olt *i
11 □ forum regrteredcMth ;$gmall.ccm
12 □ eMel ”©qmai.com has ak id ■ ' '
13 □ eMel Signal. com hasakd

AN Unique Selectors Found From Both Searches:

i (Known Selector

)

@gmail.com (New Selector)
(New Selector)
|^M (New Selector)



wmmimmmmmm

12image-583982-galleryV9-rhve.jpg:
)



>

TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

(TS//SI//REL) Once you have a list of your selector(s), you will want to look at each one
separately to check for the likelihood of successfully exploiting your tarqet via NSA
QUANTUM. We are checking to see if the target itself is seen at US- and if it is active.

(TS//SI//REL) First we want to run a Marina Active User/Presence (Federated) search on

for the past 14 days.

Search

!eJ

i J Actrc* Uiec/Prasenc*

Active IKerScience (Folei.Ucd)
3GOK? Presence Event By IP Adda
3GCHC?Pr«wn« EVont Bv Sstertcr
ji L Anchors'

HCjfr'JtUi
-a □ Charts

-H L HMc^ros (Change Detection)

jtQpsc

ULJfroO»

JtC Reactor (Cor»«l*ttonJ

Jt L_ Spar HePony
M i_j Summary

-t Lfcer Activity (3e4actoc/ldsntfK?r Actrv
* L_ WincKhitor

-M I_Yachtihop

Active User .‘Pretence (Federated)

Swrch
AKtfcatlon:

Start Oate

Facetook ID

— mm —^m
20130319 ^ 00:00:CD v CndDete: 20130401 H 23:59:59 v 14 Days

14 Days

7“

Restrict load Date Only:
Selector*

V Add Remove \tj> C err else (f) Fcretnen [ Appty ream to selected v Selectors: 1
_J Martiiw Raahr. Jrput ® A >
facetiock. Tb*t it
■auck Add Ire« cr>- ci more celstlcis separated bv coertios ard M erter ,
EfMbvc Any Realm:

Setmr.

)

1



13image-583986-galleryV9-brdj.jpg:
)

I

TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

4 (TS//SI//REL) You will either have results or not have results. The key is to look at the
SIGAD for the results and if the SIGAD is capable of doing QUANTUM then you most
likely have a vulnerable target! To check for SIGADs that NSA and GCHQ QUANTUM
can target, type GO QUANTUM in your browser. If GCHQ QUANTUM is needed, then
work with your R&T Analyst to follow the appropriate steps on the wiki to set up a PAF.

4 (TS//SI//REL) You will want to look at the Marina results and make note of the most
frequent SIGAD/IP CIDR for each Active User/Presence (Federated) query

1) Selector

a) SIGAD

b) Active User IP CIDR - The CIDR will be added to the TLN’s Whitelist.

-A TLN’s Whitelist is a list containing the IP CIDRs your target uses. It is where the

FOXACID server will only continue with exploitation if the external IP Address of
the target/redirection is on the Whitelist for the TLN your R&T Analyst requests.

Ur DCCKC I //DI//KCL UOM, HUO, QHI'J, '

"1 SIGINT I Development I Support

14image-583990-galleryV9-qkjn.jpg:
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

Is My Selector Tasked for
QUANTUM?

If you sent your R&T analyst a selector to task for
QUANTUMTHEORY and you want to see if it has been tasked yet,
you can enter the selector in Target Profiler and if you see "tasked
for survey" and the Technique to be QUANTUMTHEORY or
QUANTUMNATION then it is tasked! You can also see when the last
FOXACID redirection took place.

received email & 2013-Apr-01 11:08:31 Z C?

£ vulnerable

6 © Tasked for Survey i hi
Technique: QUANTUMTHEORY
Tasked: 2012-D«c-26 ■ :
Tar last Attempt: 2013-Mar-Ol (fail)

fat gets Activity

I sent email aft 20

1:29 Z [?

6

©

Tar

Tasked for Survey

Technique: QUANTUM NATION

Tasked: 2013-Jan-29

Last Attempt: 2013-Fab-19 (success)

ts Activity

Odittillllitt

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

16image-583991-galleryV9-upud.jpg:
TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

QUANTUM NATION

QUANTUM NATION uses new TAO CNE tradecraft and automation to drive broad
scale initial access, specifically an SSG cloud-analytic to identify selectors in SSO
passive collection that are viable for end-point access, and the use of lightweight
CNE implants to obtain initial access and survey data delivered to the TOPI offices
via corporate SIGINT repositories. For More Information on QUANTUM NATION check
the QUANTUM NATION wiki page

Target Profiler now shows if a selector is vulnerable to a QUANTUM exploit. If your
target is valid for QUANTUM NATION, A "Vulnerable" link in Target Profiler will
appear. Simply click the link that sends an email to request QUANTUMNATION
tasking.

registered with m 2013 Feb-22 13:51:00 Z t?

I vulnerable

Vulnerabilities

VultHN-abk to; Quantum c? (1-2 days ago)

Uaer Agemts Moiilla/5.0 (iPad; CPU OS 5_0_1 Ilk«

S«fwtf7«4,4g,3________________________________

c OS X) AppleWebKiV534.46 (KHTML like Qecko) Ver*ien/5.1 Mobile/9A405

Note: QUANTUMNATION and standard QUANTUM tasking results in the same
exploitation technique. The main difference is QUANTUMNATION deploys a stage 0
implant and is able to be submitted by the TOPI. Any ios device will always get
VALIDATOR deployed._____________________________________________

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA. FVEY

17image-583998-galleryV9-hfwa.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

Step 8:

« (TS//SI//REL) Once you have a TLN, you will need to submit a FOXACID Tag request.
4 (TS//SI//REL) Go to https:/ nsa/cgi-bin^ and fill o

and fill out the appropriate

information in the top and within the body of the ticket update this information accordingly. Here is an example:
CJJPL^.QD-Ç.1 Non-CT
Second Party/Partnering; No
Country Region/Type:

FISA Target; No
Type of Op: QUANTUM
>J.tliiZiDg..WP-T.I No
Project. Name;

TLN: 12345 “ Insert Your TLN

IP Range: ° Insert Your Active User IP CIDR / WHITELIST

MAC Addresses: Unknown

PayleacLRe.gu.e.?.ie.d; vai

PQ&lHHI

MSQ Support: No

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"1 SIGINT I Development I Support

19image-584001-galleryV9-qufn.jpg:
)

I

TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

4 (TS//SI//REL) Once the ticket is completed, you will receive an email with the FOXACID
Tag for your TLN.

4 (TS//SI//REL) Go to https://* .nsa.ic.gov; ^/¡ndex.php and

fill out the appropriate information in the form to task your selector and tag for
QUANTUM.

4 (TS//SI//REL) Once your selector is tasked for QUANTUM you will see the status
changed to complete.

4 (TS//SI//REL) The last step it to monitor the TLN in FOXSEARCH

https://» | ■ .nsa « to look for

redirections and update the plugins or WHITELIST if needed. 4

4 (TS//SI//REL) De-task your QUANTUM request when you hook your target!



SIGINT I Development I Support

Ur OLUKC I //OI//KCL UOM, HUO, IN, Ul

20image-584002-galleryV9-siwx.jpg:
TOP SECRET//SI//REL USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL

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)

i

4 If you have any questions or comments about this presentation, please send an email
to^^^^|at| |@nsa.ic.gov



SIGINT I Development I Support

Ur OCLKC I //OI//KCL UOM, HUO, ^Ml\, Kj


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