Title: FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW: ‘Live’ – On the Net

Release Date: 2016-08-10

Document Date: 2003-11-19

Description: This post from internal NSA newsletter SIDToday dated 19 November 2003 provides an early description of FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW, later known as Upstream collection: see the Intercept article Iraqi Insurgents Stymied the NSA and Other Highlights from 263 Internal Agency Reports, 10 August 2016.

Document: DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS

TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL

(S//SI) FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW: 'Live' - On the Net

FROM: and

Special Source Operations (S332)

Run Date: 11/19/2003

(TS//SI) Two special source collection programs - S332's FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW - are
producing SIGINT successes by "living on the global intelligent network." In September of this
year, FAIRVIEW quietly turned on a new DNI (Digital Network Intelligence) collection capability
that quickly proved a valuable source of intelligence: A&P;'s Office of Proliferation and Arms
Control (S2G21) issued the first SIGINT product report sourced from this new access on
September 24. Then, less than a month later, the first E-series product report (extremely
sensitive serialized reports sent to a limited audience) was issued by International Security
Issues, (S2C21). Many other offices now use this collection, as well - the FAIRVIEW DNI access
is extremely high-volume and delivers a very broad target set covering all SIGINT product lines.
For example, the initial deployment of the FAIRVIEW DNI access, for e-mail only, is now
forwarding more than one million emails a day to the keyword selection system at NSAW.

(TS//SI) STORMBREW has a complementary large-scale DNI collection effort (covername
PERFECTSTORM) that is just about ready for prime time. As the large-scale effort was being
developed, STORMBREW deployed several QRC (Quick Reaction Capability) collection systems
that have yielded critical intelligence supporting the Global War on Terrorism. STORMBREW
engineers then worked with FAIRVIEW engineers to transfer this collection architecture to
FAIRVIEW. Recently, FAIRVIEW identified the "other side" of one of the STORMBREW QRC links,
and was able to use the same collection architecture to rapidly put this new link on cover. This
type of complementary access provides the A&P; analysts with more complete coverage of their
target. In addition, STORMBREW and FAIRVIEW personnel worked side-by-side with CES
personnel to add Voice over IP processing capabilities to both of these accesses to further
exploit the targets' communications.

(TS//SI) In addition to email, FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW are also collecting metadata, or data
about the network and the communications it carries. For September 2003 alone, FAIRVIEW
captured several trillion metadata records - of which more than 400 billion were selected for
downstream processing or storage. This metadata will be used to enable the surgical collection
of much smaller amounts of target-rich data - which should extend beyond FAIRVIEW and
STORMBREW to many other DNI accesses across NSA. This metadata is flowing to MAINWAY
(contact chaining database) today, and a major interface to the Knowledge System Prototype
(kSP) is only days away from its operational debut. Both the STORMBREW and FAIRVIEW teams
are working closely with the Network Analysis Center, the Collection Strategies and
Requirements Center, and analysts throughout A&P; to foster metadata exploitation, focus the
access, improve the selectors and filters, and hunt for targets within the access. This
collaborative process is the foundation for SIGINT success on the Net.

(TS//SI) FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW also provide other major international accesses that
support all A&P; SIGINT product lines. In a recent complementary modernization effort, the
FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW programs quadrupled SIGINT production from these circuit-
switched accesses, only a few months after implementation. As the FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW
programs continue to expand their "live" presence on the global net, we are expecting even
greater insight into the net itself, and the communications of our targets, resulting in similar
SIGINT production gains from these packet-switched accesses.

"(U//FOUO) SIDtoday articles may not be republished or reposted outside NSANet
without the consent of S0121 (DL sid comms)."

DYNAMIC PAGE -- HIGHEST POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION IS
TOP SECRET // SI / TK // REL TO USA AUS CAN GBR NZL
DERIVED FROM: NSA/CSSM 1-52, DATED 08 JAN 2007 DECLASSIFY ON: 20320108

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